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CCA White Papers

Caps On Physcial Medicine, Including Chiropractic Care, Are No Longer Needed; California Chiropractic Association Position Paper (December 2014)

California Interscholastic Federation and State Law Authority For Chiropractors to Perform Athletic Physicals and Serve as Team Doctors; California Chiropractic Association (2003)

Chiropractic and Health Care Reform: A Proven Value Based on Cost-effective, Clinically-effective, Preventive and Wellness Care; California Chiropractic Association (2014)

Workers' Compensation Research Review; California Chiropractic Association (2015)

Compendium Of Chiropractic Studies

Chiropractic Studies: Evidence-Based Studies on Chiropractic Efficacy, Chiropractic Cost-Effectiveness, Opioid Use and Surgery: Complied by CCA Governmental Affairs Department (April 2016).

Efficacy of Chiropractic Treatment

Chiropractic Evidence Summary; Christine Goertz, DC, PhD; Palmer Center For Chiropractic Research (2015)

Chiropractic Management of Low Back Disorders: Report From A Consensus Process; Gary A. Globe, MBA, DC, PhD; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2008)

Clinical Effectiveness of Manual Therapy for the Management of Musculoskeletal and Nonmusculoskeletal Conditions: Systematic Review and Update of UK Evidence Report; Christine Clar, et.al.; Chiropractic & Manual Therapies (2014)

Dose-Response and Efficacy of Spinal manipulation For Care of Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Controlled Trial; Mitchell Haas, DC, et.al.; The Spine Journal (2014)

Effectiveness of Manual Therapies: The UK Evidence Report; Gert Bronfort, et. al.; Chiropractic & Osteopathy (2010)

Management of Chronic Spine-Related Conditions: Consensus Recommendations of a Multidisciplinary Panel; Ronald J. Farabaugh, DC, et. al.; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2010)

Manual Therapy, Physical Therapy, Or Continued Care By A General Practitioner For Patients With Neck Pain: A Randomized, Controlled Trial;Jan Lucas Hoving, PT, PhD, et.al.; Annals Of Internal Medicine (2002)

Outcomes From Magnetic Resonance Imaging-Confirmed Symptomatic Cervical Disk Herniation Patients Treated With High-Velocity, Low-Amplitude Spinal Manipulative Therapy: A Prospective Cohort Study With 3-Month Follow-Up; Cynthia K. Peterson, RN, DC, M.Med.Ed., et.al.; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2013)

Soft Tissue; Clinical Compass (2014)

Spinal Manipulative Therapy For Chronic Low Back Pain; The Cochrane Collaboration (2011)

Cost Effectiveness of Chiropractic Treatment Studies

The Association of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use and Health Care Expenditures For Back and Neck Problems; Brook I. Martin, PhD, MPH; Medical Care (2012)

Chiropractic Physicians: A Low Cost Solution to High Cost Healthcare - Talking Points; American Chiropractic Association, et.al.(2012)

Cost-Effectiveness of Manual Therapy For The Management Of Musculoskeletal Conditions: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis of Evidence From Randomized Controlled Trials; Alexander Tsertsvadze, MD, MSc, et.al.; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2014)

Cost Minimization Analysis of Low Back Pain Claims Data For Chiropractic vs Medicine In A Managed Care Organization; Brian Grieves, DC, MPH, et.al.; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2009) 

Cost of Care For Common Back Pain Conditions Initiated With Chiropractic Docotors vs Medical Doctor/Doctor of Osteopathy As First Physician; Richard L. Liliedahl, MD, et.al.; Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics (2010)

The Path To Change In The US Healthcare System: Chiropractic Cost-Effectiveness Supplement, Joint Policy Statement; ACA, ICA, et.al. (2012)

The Path To Change In The US Healthcare System: Chiropractic Cost-Effectiveness Supplement, Joint Policy Statement; ACA, ICA, et.al. (2009)

Opioid Use and Surgery Studies

Early Predictors of Lumbar Spine Surgery after Occupational Back Injury: Results from a Prospective Study of Workers in Washington State; Benjamin J. Keeney, PhD; Spine (2013)

Never Only Opioids: The Imperative for Early Integration of Non-Pharmacological Approaches and Practitioners in the Treatment of Patients with Pain: (PAINS Project Policy Brief: Fall 2014, Issue 5)

Opioids For Chronic Noncancer Pain: A Position Paper of The American Academy of Neurology; Gary M. Franklin; Neurology (2014)

Clinical Guidelines

Clinical Guidelines - Diagnosis and Treatment of Low Back Pain; Roger Chou, MD, et.al.; Annals of Internal Medicine (2007)

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Chiropractic Treatment of Adults with Neck Pain; Roland Bryans, et.al.; Canadian Chiropractic Association and the Canadian Federation of Chiropractic Regulatory and Education Accrediting Boards,Clinical Practice Guidelines Project (March 2014)

Low Back Pain Clinical Practice Guidelines Linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health from the Orthopaedic Section of the American Physical Therapy Association. Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy, Volume 42, Number 4 (April 2012)


Early Predictors of Chronic Work Disability: A Prospective, Population-Based Study of Workers With Back Injuries; Judith A. Turner, PhD; Spine (2008)

Factors Associated With Early Magnetic Resonance Imaging Utilization for Acute Occupational Low Back Pain: A Population-Based Study From Washington State Workers’ Compensation; Janessa M. Graves , MPH, PhD; Spine (2012)

Safety of Spinal Manipulative Therapy/Chiropractic Care; Clinical Compass (2014)

Sedgwick Agrees to Pay $1.129 Million for UR Violations - Work Comp Central (January 5, 2016)