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Literatures of Latin America
  • Author : Willis Barnstone
  • Publisher : Longman Publishing Group
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 475
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Anthology of selected writings--spanning antiquity to the present--from the non-Western civilizations of Latin America. It includes introductions, headnotes, and bibliographies with literary translations of contemporary and classical writers. The selections reflect literary, religious, and philosophical traditions and revealdespite cultural differencesthe universality of life experiences. [publisher web site].

The Formation of Latin American Nations
  • Author : Thomas Ward
  • Publisher : University of Oklahoma Press
  • Release Date : 2018-10-25
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN Code: 0806162856

Summary: This pioneering work brings the pre-Columbian and colonial history of Latin America home: rather than starting out in Spain and following Columbus and the conquistadores as they “discover” New World peoples, The Formation of Latin American Nations begins with the Mesoamerican and South American nations as they were before the advent of European colonialism—and only then moves on to the sixteenth-century Spanish arrival and its impact. To form a clearer picture of precolonial Latin America, Thomas Ward reads between the lines in the “Chronicles of the Indies,” filling in the blanks with information derived from archaeology, anthropology, genetics, and common-sense logic. Although he finds fascinating points of comparison among the K’iche’ Maya in Central America, the polities (señoríos) of Colombia, and the Chimú of the northern Peruvian coast, Ward focuses on two of the best-known peoples: the Nahua (Aztec) of Central Mexico and the Inka of the Andes. His study privileges indigenous-identified authors such as Diego Muñoz Camargo, Fernando de Alva Ixtlilxóchitl, Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, and Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala while it also consults Spanish chroniclers like Hernán Cortés, Bernal Diaz del Castillo, Pedro Cieza de León, and Bartolomé de las Casas. The nation-forming processes that Ward theorizes feature two forms of cultural appropriation: the horizontal, in which nations appropriate people and customs from adjacent cultures, and the vertical, in which nations dig into their own past to fortify their concept of exceptionality. In defining these processes, Ward eschews the most common measure, race, instead opting for the Nahua altepetl, the Inka panaka, and the K’iche’ amaq’. His work thus approaches the nation both as the indigenous people conceptualized it and with terminology that would have been familiar to them before and after contact with the Spanish. The result is a truly decolonial account of the formation and organization of Latin American nations, one that puts the indigenous perspective at its center.

The Man Who Invented Aztec Crystal Skulls
  • Author : Jane MacLaren Walsh,Brett Topping
  • Publisher : Berghahn Books
  • Release Date : 2020-04-01
  • Category: Art
  • Pages : 348
  • ISBN Code: 9781789204780

Summary: Eugène Boban began life in humble circumstances in Paris, traveled to the California Gold Rush, and later became a recognized authority on pre-Columbian cultures. He also invented an entire category of archaeological artifact: the Aztec crystal skull. By his own admission, he successfully “palmed off” a number of these crystal skulls on the curators of Europe’s leading museums. How could that happen, and who was this man? Detailed are the travels, self-education, and archaeological explorations of Eugène Boban; this book also explores the circumstances that allowed him to sell fakes to museums that would remain undetected for over a century.

Historical Dictionary of Mesoamerica
  • Author : Walter Robert Thurmond Witschey,Clifford T. Brown
  • Publisher : Scarecrow Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN Code: 081087167X

Summary: Mesoamerica is one of six major areas of the world where humans independently changed their culture from a nomadic hunter-gatherer lifestyle into settled communities, cities, and civilization. In addition to China (twice), the Indus Valley, the Fertile Crescent of southwest Asia, Egypt, and Peru, Mesoamerica was home to exciting and irreversible changes in human culture called the Neolithic Revolution. The changes included domestication of plants and animals, leading to agriculture, husbandry, and eventually sedentary village life. These developments set the stage for the growth of cities, social stratification, craft specialization, warfare, writing, mathematics, and astronomy, or what we call the rise of civilization. These changes forever transformed humankind. The Historical Dictionary of Mesoamerica covers the history of Mesoamerica through a chronology, an introductory essay, an extensive bibliography, and over 900 cross-referenced dictionary entries covering the major peoples, places, ideas, and events related to Mesoamerica. This book is an excellent access point for students, researchers, and anyone wanting to know more about Mesoamerica."

Oysters in the Land of Cacao
  • Author : Bradley E. Ensor
  • Publisher : Anthropological Papers
  • Release Date : 2020
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 248
  • ISBN Code: 0816541086

Summary: Oysters in the Land of Cacao delivers a long-overdue presentation of the archaeology, material culture, and regional synthesis on the Formative to Late Classic period societies of the western Chontalpa region (Tabasco, Mexico) through contemporary theory. It offers a significant new understanding of the Mesoamerican Gulf Coast.

Relational Identities and Other-than-human Agency in Archaeology
  • Author : Eleanor Harrison-Buck,Julia Ann Hendon
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2018
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN Code: 1607327465

Summary: "Explores benefits and consequences of archaeological theorizing on and interpretation of social agency of non-humans as relational beings capable of producing change in the world. Cross-examines traditional understanding of agency and personhood, presenting globally diverse case studies that cover a range of cultural, geographical, and historical contexts"--Provided by publisher.

Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Upper Mantaro and Tarma Drainages, Junín, Peru: The Wanka region
  • Author : Jeffrey R. Parsons,Charles M. Hastings,Ramiro Matos Mendieta
  • Publisher : University of Michigan Museum
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 374
  • ISBN Code: 0915703815

Summary: This monograph is based on six months of systematic regional survey in the Wanka Region of Peru¿s sierra central, carried out in two fieldseasons in 1975¿76 by the Junin Archaeological Research Project (JASP) under the co-direction of Jeffrey R. Parsons (University of Michigan) and Ramiro Matos Mendieta (Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos). It describes some 287 archaeological sites within a survey area of ca. 445 square kilometers lying between ca. 3200 and 4000 meters above sea level in elevation. Four major occupational periods are distinguished: Early Horizon, Early Intermediate Period/Middle Horizon, Late Intermediate Period, and Late Horizon; subsequent investigations in the same region by the Upper Mantaro Research Project (UMARP), directed by Timothy K. Earle (University of California at Los Angeles), refined the LIP chronology into early and late phases, and this new phasing has been applied to most LIP sites in the original JASP survey. The site descriptions include 24 sites in the bordering Jisse-Pomacancha Region, and several site plans from the original survey area, subsequently surveyed and mapped by UMARP archaeologists. The archaeological sites are considered within their environmental, ecological, ethnohistoric, and ethnographic contexts.

Her Cup for Sweet Cacao
  • Author : Traci Ardren
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-08
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 400
  • ISBN Code: 1477321640

Summary: For the ancient Maya, food was both sustenance and a tool for building a complex society. This collection, the first to focus exclusively on the social uses of food in Classic Maya culture, deploys a variety of theoretical approaches to examine the meaning of food beyond diet—ritual offerings and restrictions, medicinal preparations, and the role of nostalgia around food, among other topics. For instance, how did Maya feasts build community while also reinforcing social hierarchy? What psychoactive substances were the elite Maya drinking in their caves, and why? Which dogs were good for eating, and which breeds became companions? Why did even some non-elite Maya enjoy cacao, but rarely meat? Why was meat more available for urban Maya than for those closer to hunting grounds on the fringes of cities? How did the molcajete become a vital tool and symbol in Maya gastronomy? These chapters, written by some of the leading scholars in the field, showcase a variety of approaches and present new evidence from faunal remains, hieroglyphic texts, chemical analyses, and art. Thoughtful and revealing, Her Cup for Sweet Cacao unlocks a more comprehensive understanding of how food was instrumental to the development of ancient Maya culture.

Latin American Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence
  • Author : Richard J. Chacon,Ruben G. Mendoza
  • Publisher : University of Arizona Press
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN Code: 9780816525270

Summary: This groundbreaking multidisciplinary book presents significant essays on historical indigenous violence in Latin America from Tierra del Fuego to central Mexico. The collection explores those uniquely human motivations and environmental variables that have led to the native peoples of Latin America engaging in warfare and ritual violence since antiquity. Based on an American Anthropological Association symposium, this book collects twelve contributions from sixteen authors, all of whom are scholars at the forefront of their fields of study. All of the chapters advance our knowledge of the causes, extent, and consequences of indigenous violenceÑincluding ritualized violenceÑin Latin America. Each major historical/cultural group in Latin America is addressed by at least one contributor. Incorporating the results of dozens of years of research, this volume documents evidence of warfare, violent conflict, and human sacrifice from the fifteenth century to the twentieth, including incidents that occurred before European contact. Together the chapters present a convincing argument that warfare and ritual violence have been woven into the fabric of life in Latin America since remote antiquity. For the first time, expert subject-area work on indigenous violenceÑarchaeological, osteological, ethnographic, historical, and forensicÑhas been assembled in one volume. Much of this work has heretofore been dispersed across various countries and languages. With its collection into one English-language volume, all future writersÑregardless of their discipline or point of viewÑwill have a source to consult for further research. CONTENTS Acknowledgments Introduction Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza 1.ÊÊStatus Rivalry and Warfare in the Development and Collapse of Classic Maya Civilization Matt OÕMansky and Arthur A. Demarest 2.ÊÊAztec Militarism and Blood Sacrifice: The Archaeology and Ideology of Ritual Violence RubŽn G. Mendoza 3.ÊÊTerritorial Expansion and Primary State Formation in Oaxaca, Mexico Charles S. Spencer 4.ÊÊImages of Violence in Mesoamerican Mural Art Donald McVicker 5.ÊÊCircum-Caribbean Chiefly Warfare Elsa M. Redmond 6.ÊÊConflict and Conquest in Pre-Hispanic Andean South America: Archaeological Evidence from Northern Coastal Peru John W. Verano 7.ÊÊThe Inti Raymi Festival among the Cotacachi and Otavalo of Highland Ecuador: Blood for the Earth Richard J. Chacon, Yamilette Chacon, and Angel Guandinango 8.ÊÊUpper Amazonian Warfare Stephen Beckerman and James Yost 9.ÊÊComplexity and Causality in Tupinamb‡ Warfare William BalŽe 10.ÊÊHunter-GatherersÕ Aboriginal Warfare in Western Chaco Marcela Mendoza 11.ÊÊThe Struggle for Social Life in Fuego-Patagonia Alfredo Prieto and Rodrigo C‡rdenas 12.ÊÊEthical Considerations and Conclusions Regarding Indigenous Warfare and Ritual Violence in Latin America Richard J. Chacon and RubŽn G. Mendoza References About the Contributors Index

Archaeology in Latin America
  • Author : Benjamin Alberti,Gustavo G. Politis
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2005-08-16
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN Code: 1134597835

Summary: This pioneering and comprehensive survey is the first overview of current themes in Latin American archaeology written solely by academics native to the region, and it makes their collected expertise available to an English-speaking audience for the first time. The contributors cover the most significant issues in the archaeology of Latin America, such as the domestication of camelids, the emergence of urban society in Mesoamerica, the frontier of the Inca empire, and the relatively little known archaeology of the Amazon basin. This book draws together key areas of research in Latin American archaeological thought into a coherent whole; no other volume on this area has ever dealt with such a diverse range of subjects, and some of the countries examined have never before been the subject of a regional study.

Pre-contact America: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide
  • Author : Oxford University Press
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press, USA
  • Release Date : 2010-06-01
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 16
  • ISBN Code: 9780199808526

Summary: This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Atlantic History, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of Atlantic History, the study of the transnational interconnections between Europe, North America, South America, and Africa, particularly in the early modern and colonial period. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit

Antiquities and Classical Traditions in Latin America
  • Author : Andrew Laird,Nicola Miller
  • Publisher : Wiley
  • Release Date : 2018-12-26
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN Code: 9781119559337

Summary: This collection is the first concerted attempt to explore the significance of classical legacies for Latin American history – from the uses of antiquarian learning in colonial institutions to the currents of Romantic Hellenism which inspired liberators and nation-builders in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Discusses how the model of Roman imperialism, challenges to Aristotle’s theories of geography and natural slavery, and Cicero’s notion of the patria have had a pervasive influence on thought and politics throughout the Latin American region Brings together essays by specialists in art history, cultural anthropology and literary studies, as well as Americanists and scholars of the classical tradition Shows that appropriations of the Greco-Roman past are a recurrent catalyst for change in the Americas Calls attention to ideas and developments which have been overlooked in standard narratives of intellectual history

Women Latin Poets
  • Author : Jane Stevenson
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 659
  • ISBN Code: 9780198185024

Summary: Women Latin Poets addresses women's relationship to culture between the first century B. C. and the eighteenth century A. D. by studying women's poetry in Latin. Based entirely on original archival research in twelve countries, Stevenson recovers an aspect of history often deemed not to exist: women who achieved public recognition in their own time, sometimes to a startling extent. Presenting, often for the first time, the work of more than three hundred women Latin poets, all translated and included in a comprehensive finding guide, Women Latin Poets substantially revises received opinion on women's participation in, and relation to, elite culture. The sheer number of female Latin poets will require women's historians to completely re-evaluate the idea that all women had 'no access to education' before the nineteenth century.

Women in Antiquity
  • Author : Sarah M. Nelson
  • Publisher : Altamira Press
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 311
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Part One of Nelson's 'Handbook of Gender in Archaeology.'

Indigenous Peoples and Archaeology in Latin America
  • Author : Cristóbal Gnecco
  • Publisher : Left Coast Press
  • Release Date : 2011-09-15
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 365
  • ISBN Code: 1611320151

Summary: Eighteen chapters primarily by Latin American scholars describe the range of relations between indigenous peoples and archaeology in the first major attempt to describe indigenous archaeology in Latin America for an English speaking audience.

New Serial Titles
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1990
  • Category: Periodicals
  • Pages : N.A
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: A union list of serials commencing publication after Dec. 31, 1949.

Mesoamerican Lithic Technology
  • Author : Conference on Ancient Mesoamerican Obsidian Blade Production
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Any overview of prehispanic society in the Americas would identify its obsidian core-blade production as a unique and highly inventive technology. Normally termed prismatic blades, these long, parallel-sided flakes are among the sharpest cutting tools ever produced by humans. Their standardized form permitted interchangeable use, and such blades became the cutting tool of choice throughout Mesoamerica between 600-800 B.C. Because considerable production skill is required, increased demand may have stimulated the appearance of craft specialists who played an integral role in Mesoamerican society. Some investigators have argued that control over obsidian also had a significant effect on the development and organization of chiefdom and state-level societies. While researchers have long recognized the potential of obsidian studies, recent work has focused primarily on compositional analysis to reconstruct trade and distribution networks. Study of blade production has received much less attention, and many aspects of this highly evolved craft are still lost. This volume seeks to identify current research questions in Mesoamerican lithic technology and to demonstrate that replication studies coupled with experimental research design are valuable analytical approaches to such questions.

Words and Worlds Turned Around
  • Author : David Tavárez
  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Release Date : 2017-12-14
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN Code: 1607326841

Summary: A sophisticated, state-of-the-art study of the remaking of Christianity by indigenous societies, Words and Worlds Turned Around reveals the manifold transformations of Christian discourses in the colonial Americas. The book surveys how Christian messages were rendered in indigenous languages; explores what was added, transformed, or glossed over; and ends with an epilogue about contemporary Nahuatl Christianities. In eleven case studies drawn from eight Amerindian languages—Nahuatl, Northern and Valley Zapotec, Quechua, Yucatec Maya, K'iche' Maya, Q'eqchi' Maya, and Tupi—the authors address Christian texts and traditions that were repeatedly changed through translation—a process of “turning around” as conveyed in Classical Nahuatl. Through an examination of how Christian terms and practices were made, remade, and negotiated by both missionaries and native authors and audiences, the volume shows the conversion of indigenous peoples as an ongoing process influenced by what native societies sought, understood, or accepted. The volume features a rapprochement of methodologies and assumptions employed in history, anthropology, and religion and combines the acuity of of methodologies drawn from philology and historical linguistics with the contextualizing force of the ethnohistory and social history of Spanish and Portuguese America. Contributors: Claudia Brosseder, Louise M. Burkhart, Mark Christensen, John F. Chuchiak IV, Abelardo de la Cruz, Gregory Haimovich, Kittiya Lee, Ben Leeming, Julia Madajczak, Justyna Olko, Frauke Sachse, Garry Sparks