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The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy Book by

The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy Book
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-04
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN Code: 0199987327
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Summary: The present volume advances a recent historiographical turn towards the intersection of early modern philosophy and the life sciences by bringing together many of its leading scholars to present the contributions of important but often neglected figures, such as Ralph Cudworth, Nehemiah Grew, Francis Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius ab Aquapendente, Georg Ernst Stahl, Juan Gallego de la Serna, Nicholas Hartsoeker, Henry More, as well as more familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant. The contributions to this volume are organized in accordance with the particular problems that living beings and living nature posed for early modern philosophy: the problem of life in general, whether it constitutes something ontologically distinct at all, or whether it can ultimately be exhaustively comprehended "in the same manner as the rest"; the problem of the structure of living beings, by which we understand not just bare anatomy but also physiological processes such as irritability, motion, digestion, and so on; the problem of generation, which might be included alongside digestion and other vital processes, were it not for the fact that it presented such an exceptional riddle to philosophers since antiquity, namely, the riddle of coming-into-being out of -- apparent or real -- non-being; and, finally, the problem of natural order.

The Romantic Conception of Life Book by Robert J. Richards

The Romantic Conception of Life Book
  • Author : Robert J. Richards
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2010-04-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 606
  • ISBN Code: 0226712184
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Summary: "All art should become science and all science art; poetry and philosophy should be made one." Friedrich Schlegel's words perfectly capture the project of the German Romantics, who believed that the aesthetic approaches of art and literature could reveal patterns and meaning in nature that couldn't be uncovered through rationalistic philosophy and science alone. In this wide-ranging work, Robert J. Richards shows how the Romantic conception of the world influenced (and was influenced by) both the lives of the people who held it and the development of nineteenth-century science. Integrating Romantic literature, science, and philosophy with an intimate knowledge of the individuals involved—from Goethe and the brothers Schlegel to Humboldt and Friedrich and Caroline Schelling—Richards demonstrates how their tempestuous lives shaped their ideas as profoundly as their intellectual and cultural heritage. He focuses especially on how Romantic concepts of the self, as well as aesthetic and moral considerations—all tempered by personal relationships—altered scientific representations of nature. Although historians have long considered Romanticism at best a minor tributary to scientific thought, Richards moves it to the center of the main currents of nineteenth-century biology, culminating in the conception of nature that underlies Darwin's evolutionary theory. Uniting the personal and poetic aspects of philosophy and science in a way that the German Romantics themselves would have honored, The Romantic Conception of Life alters how we look at Romanticism and nineteenth-century biology.

Physico-theology Book by Ann Blair,Kaspar von Greyerz

Physico-theology Book
  • Author : Ann Blair,Kaspar von Greyerz
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2020-08-25
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 286
  • ISBN Code: 142143847X
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Summary: Contributors: Ann Blair, Simona Boscani Leoni, John Hedley Brooke, Nicolas Brucker, Katherine Calloway, Kathleen Crowther, Brendan Dooley, Peter Harrison, Barbara Hunfeld, Eric Jorink, Scott Mandelbrote, Brian W. Ogilvie, Martine Pécharman, Jonathan Sheehan, Anne-Charlott Trepp, Rienk Vermij, Kaspar von Greyerz

Science, Empire and the European Exploration of the Pacific Book by Tony Ballantyne

Science, Empire and the European Exploration of the Pacific Book
  • Author : Tony Ballantyne
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-10-12
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 404
  • ISBN Code: 1351901818
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Summary: This collection of essays assesses the interrelationship between exploration, empire-building and science in the opening up of the Pacific Ocean by Europeans between the early 16th and mid-19th century. It explores both the role of various sciences in enabling European imperial projects in the region, and how the exploration of the Pacific in turn shaped emergent scientific disciplines and their claims to authority within Europe. Drawing on a range of disciplines (from the history of science to geography, imperial history to literary criticism), this volume examines the place of science in cross-cultural encounters, the history of cartography in Oceania, shifting understandings of race and cultural difference in the Pacific, and the place of ships, books and instruments in the culture of science. It reveals the exchanges and networks that connected British, French, Spanish and Russian scientific traditions, even in the midst of imperial competition, and the ways in which findings in diverse fields, from cartography to zoology, botany to anthropology, were disseminated and crafted into an increasingly coherent image of the Pacific, its resources, peoples, and histories. This is a significant body of scholarship that offers many important insights for anthropologists and geographers, as well as for historians of science and European imperialism.

Venoms of the Hymenoptera Book by Tom Piek

Venoms of the Hymenoptera Book
  • Author : Tom Piek
  • Publisher : Elsevier
  • Release Date : 2013-10-22
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN Code: 1483263703
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Summary: Venoms of the Hymenoptera: Biochemical, Pharmacological, and Behavioral Aspects contains papers that deals with the study of the venoms and toxins produced by insects belonging to the order of the Hymenoptera. The book provides a considerable amount of information in the study of the venoms of the Hymenoptera. There are chapters that focus on the history of the research made on the order of the Hymenoptera; the stinging apparatus; venom collection; physiological effects of venoms produced by particular insects belonging to the order; and the pharmacological uses of the venoms and toxins. Entomologists, physiologists, pharmacologists, biochemists, and researchers developing drugs and pesticides will find this text extremely useful.

DR BASTIAAN KIAUTA: ODONATOLOGIST AND POLYMATH HIS LIFE, WORKS AND UNIVERSE Book by B.K. Tyagi

DR BASTIAAN KIAUTA: ODONATOLOGIST AND POLYMATH HIS LIFE, WORKS AND UNIVERSE Book
  • Author : B.K. Tyagi
  • Publisher : Scientific Publishers
  • Release Date : 2019-01-01
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 351
  • ISBN Code: 9388043804
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Summary: Science provides an inexorable support to both the human and the nations' development. The great scientists have always provided inspiration by their findings, philosophy, and understanding of the world around us. They have inspired generations of young explorers, eager to learn more about the world and motivated toward betterment with constant efforts in the quest for knowledge. The life of Professor Dr B. Kiauta, Emeritus Professor of Invertebrate Cytogenetics and Cytotaxonomy, University of Utrecht, the Netherlands, President of Societas Internationalis Odonatologica (SIO) and the Executive Editor of Odonatologica, is an open book of assiduous perseverance, focused application and great mentorship. There are indeed many examples of great scientists, or for that matter - odonatologists, in the history of science, but there are certainly absolutely inevitably very few who by their energetic character not only practically educate the budding researchers in habits of industry, but by the example of diligence and perseverance which they set before them, largely influence the scientific activity in all directions and contribute in a great degree to form the national character, or more precisely, the world order! This book, “Dr Bastiaan Kiauta: Odonatologist and Polymath – His Life, Works and Universe”, conveys a great lesson that nothing creditable can be accomplished without application and diligence.

Art in History/History in Art Book by David Freedberg,Jan de Vries

Art in History/History in Art Book
  • Author : David Freedberg,Jan de Vries
  • Publisher : Getty Publications
  • Release Date : 1996-07-11
  • Category: Art
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN Code: 0892362014
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Summary: Historians and art historians provide a critique of existing methodologies and an interdisciplinary inquiry into seventeenth-century Dutch art and culture.

The Science of Describing Book by Brian W. Ogilvie

The Science of Describing Book
  • Author : Brian W. Ogilvie
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2008-09-15
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 431
  • ISBN Code: 0226620867
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Summary: Out of the diverse traditions of medical humanism, classical philology, and natural philosophy, Renaissance naturalists created a new science devoted to discovering and describing plants and animals. Drawing on published natural histories, manuscript correspondence, garden plans, travelogues, watercolors, and drawings, The Science of Describing reconstructs the evolution of this discipline of description through four generations of naturalists. In the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries, naturalists focused on understanding ancient and medieval descriptions of the natural world, but by the mid-sixteenth century naturalists turned toward distinguishing and cataloguing new plant and animal species. To do so, they developed new techniques of observing and recording, created botanical gardens and herbaria, and exchanged correspondence and specimens within an international community. By the early seventeenth century, naturalists began the daunting task of sorting through the wealth of information they had accumulated, putting a new emphasis on taxonomy and classification. Illustrated with woodcuts, engravings, and photographs, The Science of Describing is the first broad interpretation of Renaissance natural history in more than a generation and will appeal widely to an interdisciplinary audience.

Working with Paper Book by Carla Bittel,Elaine Leong,Christine von Oertzen

Working with Paper Book
  • Author : Carla Bittel,Elaine Leong,Christine von Oertzen
  • Publisher : University of Pittsburgh Press
  • Release Date : 2019-06-18
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN Code: 0822986809
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Summary: Working with Paper builds on a growing interest in the materials of science by exploring the gendered uses and meanings of paper tools and technologies, considering how notions of gender impacted paper practices and in turn how paper may have structured knowledge about gender. Through a series of dynamic investigations covering Europe and North America and spanning the early modern period to the twentieth century, this volume breaks new ground by examining material histories of paper and the gendered worlds that made them. Contributors explore diverse uses of paper—from healing to phrenological analysis to model making to data processing—which often occurred in highly gendered, yet seemingly divergent spaces, such as laboratories and kitchens, court rooms and boutiques, ladies’ chambers and artisanal workshops, foundling houses and colonial hospitals, and college gymnasiums and state office buildings. Together, they reveal how notions of masculinity and femininity became embedded in and expressed through the materials of daily life. Working with Paper uncovers the intricate negotiations of power and difference underlying epistemic practices, forging a material history of knowledge in which quotidian and scholarly practices are intimately linked.

Generation Book by Matthew Cobb

Generation Book
  • Author : Matthew Cobb
  • Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing USA
  • Release Date : 2008-12-08
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN Code: 1608190013
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Summary: Generation is the story of the exciting, largely forgotten decade during the seventeenth century when a group of young scientists-Jan Swammerdam, the son of a Protestant apothecary, Nils Stensen (also known as Steno), a Danish anatomist who first discovered the human tear duct, Reinier de Graaf, the attractive and brilliant son of a rich and successful Catholic architect, and Antoni Leeuwenhoek, a self-taught draper-dared to challenge thousands of years of orthodox thinking about where life comes from. By meticulous experimentation, dissection, and observation with the newly invented microscope, they showed that like breeds like, that all animals come from an egg, that there is no such thing as spontaneous generation, and that there are millions of tiny, wriggling "eels" in semen. However, their ultimate inability to fully understand the evidence that was in front of them led to a fatal mistake. As a result, the final leap in describing the process of reproduction-which would ultimately give birth to the science of genetics-took nearly two centuries for humanity to achieve. Including previously untranslated documents, Generation interweaves the personal stories of these scientists against a backdrop of the Dutch "Golden Age." It is a riveting account of the audacious men who swept away old certainties and provided the foundation for much of our current understanding of the living world.

Histories of Scientific Observation Book by Lorraine Daston,Elizabeth Lunbeck

Histories of Scientific Observation Book
  • Author : Lorraine Daston,Elizabeth Lunbeck
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2011-01-15
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 480
  • ISBN Code: 0226136795
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Summary: Observation is the most pervasive and fundamental practice of all the modern sciences, both natural and human. Its instruments include not only the naked senses but also tools such as the telescope and microscope, the questionnaire, the photographic plate, the notebook, the glassed-in beehive, and myriad other ingenious inventions designed to make the invisible visible, the evanescent permanent, the abstract concrete. Yet observation has almost never been considered as an object of historical inquiry in itself. This wide-ranging collection offers the first examination of the history of scientific observation in its own right, as both epistemic category and scientific practice. Histories of Scientific Observation features engaging episodes drawn from across the spectrum of the natural and human sciences, ranging from meteorology, medicine, and natural history to economics, astronomy, and psychology. The contributions spotlight how observers have scrutinized everything—from seaweed to X-ray radiation, household budgets to the emotions—with ingenuity, curiosity, and perseverance verging on obsession. This book makes a compelling case for the significance of the long, surprising, and epistemologically significant history of scientific observation, a history full of innovations that have enlarged the possibilities of perception, judgment, and reason.

The Meaning of Evolution Book by Robert J. Richards

The Meaning of Evolution Book
  • Author : Robert J. Richards
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2009-02-02
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN Code: 0226712052
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Summary: Did Darwin see evolution as progressive, directed toward producing ever more advanced forms of life? Most contemporary scholars say no. In this challenge to prevailing views, Robert J. Richards says yes—and argues that current perspectives on Darwin and his theory are both ideologically motivated and scientifically unsound. This provocative new reading of Darwin goes directly to the origins of evolutionary theory. Unlike most contemporary biologists or historians and philosophers of science, Richards holds that Darwin did concern himself with the idea of progress, or telos, as he constructed his theory. Richards maintains that Darwin drew on the traditional embryological meanings of the terms "evolution" and "descent with modification." In the 1600s and 1700s, "evolution" referred to the embryological theory of preformation, the idea that the embryo exists as a miniature adult of its own species that simply grows, or evolves, during gestation. By the early 1800s, however, the idea of preformation had become the concept of evolutionary recapitulation, the idea that during its development an embryo passes through a series of stages, each the adult form of an ancestor species. Richards demonstrates that, for Darwin, embryological recapitulation provided a graphic model of how species evolve. If an embryo could be seen as successively taking the structures and forms of its ancestral species, then one could see the evolution of life itself as a succession of species, each transformed from its ancestor. Richards works with the Origin and other published and archival material to show that these embryological models were much on Darwin's mind as he considered the evidence for descent with modification. Why do so many modern researchers find these embryological roots of Darwin's theory so problematic? Richards argues that the current tendency to see evolution as a process that is not progressive and not teleological imposes perspectives on Darwin that incorrectly deny the clearly progressive heart of his embryological models and his evolutionary theory.

From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity Book by Elena Casetta,Jorge Marques da Silva,Davide Vecchi

From Assessing to Conserving Biodiversity Book
  • Author : Elena Casetta,Jorge Marques da Silva,Davide Vecchi
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-06-17
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 452
  • ISBN Code: 3030109917
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Summary: This open access book features essays written by philosophers, biologists, ecologists and conservation scientists facing the current biodiversity crisis. Despite increasing communication, accelerating policy and management responses, and notwithstanding improving ecosystem assessment and endangered species knowledge, conserving biodiversity continues to be more a concern than an accomplished task. Why is it so?The overexploitation of natural resources by our species is a frequently recognised factor, while the short-term economic interests of governments and stakeholders typically clash with the burdens that implementing conservation actions imply. But this is not the whole story. This book develops a different perspective on the problem by exploring the conceptual challenges and practical defiance posed by conserving biodiversity, namely: on the one hand, the difficulties in defining what biodiversity is and characterizing that “thing” to which the word ‘biodiversity’ refers to; on the other hand, the reasons why assessing biodiversity and putting in place effective conservation actions is arduous.

Mechanism, Experiment, Disease Book by Domenico Bertoloni Meli

Mechanism, Experiment, Disease Book
  • Author : Domenico Bertoloni Meli
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2011-05-02
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN Code: 080189980X
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Summary: Bertoloni Meli’s critical study of this key figure and the works of his contemporaries—including Borelli, Swammerdam, Redi, and Ruysch—opens a wonderful window onto the scientific and medical worlds of the seventeenth century.

Timelines of Nearly Everything Book by Manjunath.R

Timelines of Nearly Everything Book
  • Author : Manjunath.R
  • Publisher : Manjunath.R
  • Release Date : 2021-07-03
  • Category: Antiques & Collectibles
  • Pages : 2658
  • ISBN Code:
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Summary: This book takes readers back and forth through time and makes the past accessible to all families, students and the general reader and is an unprecedented collection of a list of events in chronological order and a wealth of informative knowledge about the rise and fall of empires, major scientific breakthroughs, groundbreaking inventions, and monumental moments about everything that has ever happened.

A Dictionary of Entomology Book by

A Dictionary of Entomology Book
  • Author :
  • Publisher : CABI
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 1526
  • ISBN Code: 184593542X
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Summary: Incorporating an estimated 43,000 definitions, this major reference work is a comprehensive, fully cross-referenced collection of terms, names and phrases used in entomology. It is the only listing that covers insect anatomy, behaviour, biology, ecology, histology, molecular biology, morphology, pest management, taxonomy and systematics. Common names, scientific binomen and taxonomic classifications are provided as well as order, suborder, superfamily, family and subfamily names and diagnostic features of orders and families. With new and updated terms, particularly in molecular biology, phylogeny and spatial technology, this revised new edition of A Dictionary of Entomology is an essential reference for researchers and students of entomology and related disciplines.

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists Book by John Daintith

Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists Book
  • Author : John Daintith
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2008-08-18
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 896
  • ISBN Code: 9781420072723
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Summary: New Edition of a Highly Regarded Reference As the first fully updated version in almost a decade, this comprehensive compendium brings together 2400 scientists who have made important contributions to the wide world of science. Rather than a Who’s-Who style laundry list, this user-friendly resource provides essential biographical information and focuses on scientific achievement. Indeed, it is as much a book about science as it is about the notable scientists who comprise the field. Biographical Encyclopedia of Scientists, Third Edition concentrates on the 'traditional pure’ sciences of physics, chemistry, biology, astronomy, and the earth sciences. It also covers medicine and mathematics and includes a selection of people who have made important contributions to engineering, technology, anthropology, psychology, and philosophy. Including 29 illustrations of key scientific concepts and discoveries, this definitive collection also contains helpful resources such as a pronunciation guide, cross references, quotations, a subject index, timeline of key scientific events, and list of useful Websites. Contains More Biographies than Other Comparably Sized Titles Written by a recognized authority in the field, the uncomplicated prose eases readers into sophisticated concepts, like abstract mathematics and modern theoretical physics. The book highlights all Nobel Prize winners and popular scientists such as Keith Campbell, Ian Wilmut, and John Nash. Compiled in A-Z style, this work is the authoritative volume of its kind with more than 200 new entries in its latest edition.

Fly Book by Steven Connor

Fly Book
  • Author : Steven Connor
  • Publisher : Reaktion Books
  • Release Date : 2006-12-15
  • Category: Nature
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN Code: 1861894910
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Summary: Few creatures are as universally despised as flies. Blamed for pestilence and plagues, they were publicly excommunicated from the medieval church. Beelzebub, “the lord of the flies,” was said to be the embodiment of evil, and, for centuries, flies were considered the result of spontaneous generation—the unnatural consequence of rotting meat. Fly explores the history of this much-maligned creature and then turns to examine its newfound redemption through science. The secrets of the fly’s versatile powers of flight, Steven Connor reveals, are only beginning to be understood and appreciated. Its eyes and wings, for instance, have evolved so perfectly that they provide inspiration for some of today’s most daring technological and scientific innovations. And the humble fruit fly, Connor demonstrates, stands at the center of revolutionary advances in genetic research. Connor delights in tracking his lowly subject through myth, literature, poetry, painting, film, and biology. Humans live in close and intimate quarters with flies, but Fly is the first book to give these common creatures their due.

Revival: A History of Modern Culture: Volume II (1934) Book by Preserved Smith

Revival: A History of Modern Culture: Volume II (1934) Book
  • Author : Preserved Smith
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2018-01-16
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 703
  • ISBN Code: 1351349473
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Summary: The understanding of history can be advanced only by the combination or alternation, of analysis and synthesis. Detailed research and generalizing survey are not antiethical but complementary. For a long time, however, the specialist has reigned supreme in our schools. The need is now, surely, for a return to synoptic writing. The present work was undertaken to supply the need of a synthesis. It is a map of a large region, not a geological chart of a square mile or the plan of a single city. Its value, if any, lies in its view of the interrelations of large tracts of social and intellectual life, not in the intensive investigation of narrow fields.