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Michael Foster and the Cambridge School of Physiology
  • Author : Gerald L. Geison
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-08
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN Code: 1400869110

Summary: Despite great ferment and activity among historians of science in recent years, the history of physiology after 1850 has received little attention. Gerald Geison makes an important contribution to our knowledge of this neglected area by investigating the achievements of English physiologists at the Cambridge School from 1870 to 1900. He describes individual scientists, their research, the scientific issues affecting their work, and socio-institutional influences on the group. He pays special attention to the personality and contributions of Michael Foster, founding father of the Cambridge School. Foster's specific research interest was the origin of the rhythmic heartbeat, and the author contends that the school itself descended from and developed around this concern. Originally published in 1978. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
















Yearbook of Pediatric Endocrinology 2013
  • Author : K. Ong,Z. Hochberg
  • Publisher : Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers
  • Release Date : 2013-09-05
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 258
  • ISBN Code: 3318025062

Summary: The body of knowledge in most medical specialties is rapidly expanding, making it virtually impossible to follow all advances in clinical and basic sciences that are relevant to a given field. This is particularly true in pediatric endocrinology, at the cross-road of pediatrics, endocrinology, development and genetics. Providing abstracts of articles that report the year's breakthrough developments in the basic sciences and evidence-based new knowledge in clinical research and clinical practice that are relevant to the field, the 'Yearbook of Pediatric Endocrinology 2013' keeps busy clinicians and scientists, pediatric endocrinologists, and also pediatricians and endocrinologists informed on new advances. Twelve Associate Editors and their co-authors selected from several thousand papers those that brought the most meaningful new information, summarized them and provided comments to put them into perspective. The papers are classified into those that identify new genes involved in diseases, new hormones, concepts revised or re-centered, important observations for clinical practice, large-scale clinical trials, new mechanisms, new paradigms, important review articles, new fears and new hopes. Because the Yearbook is endorsed by the European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology (ESPE), its publication is linked to the annual meeting of the ESPE. The 'Yearbook of Pediatric Endocrinology 2013' covers the medical and scientific literature from June 2012 through May 2013.


Yearbook International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
  • Author : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
  • Release Date : 2004-12-01
  • Category: Law
  • Pages : 202
  • ISBN Code: 9004143750

Summary: The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea is an independent judicial body established by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea to adjudicate disputes arising out of the interpretation and application of the Convention. The Tribunal is open to States Parties to the Convention. It is also open to entities other than States Parties (States and international organizations non-parties to the Convention and natural or juridical persons) in cases provided for in the Convention or other agreements conferring jurisdiction on the Tribunal. The Yearbook will give lawyers, scholars, students as well as the general public easy access to information about the jurisdiction, procedure and organization of the Tribunal and also about its composition and activities in 2003. The Yearbook is prepared by the Registry of the Tribunal and is also available in French (Annuaire 2003).




The Complete Dinosaur
  • Author : M. K. Brett-Surman,Thomas R. Holtz,James Orville Farlow
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Category: Nature
  • Pages : 1112
  • ISBN Code: 0253357012

Summary: This is a New York Public Library Outstanding Reference Book of 1998. While the inhabitants of the lost world have long held sway over our imaginations, in recent years dinosaur science has experienced an explosive growth. More books on dinosaurs have been published in the past decade than in all the previous 150 years since Richard Owen named these 'fearfully great lizards' (correctly, 'reptiles'), and dinosaur research continues to make headlines. Reporting the latest discoveries and research, this book is an exuberant celebration of dinosaurs and of our ongoing fascination with them. Here, in one volume, is the single, most-authoritative account of dinosaur paleontology for the general reader. So rapidly has the field expanded that no individual can hope to master all the aspects of dinosaur paleontology. For this book, the editors have brought together forty-six experts in subjects ranging from functional morphology and paleobiology to biogeography and systematics to present a thorough survey of the dinosaurs from the earliest discoveries through the contemporary controversies over their extinction. Where contention exists, as over the question of whether dinosaurs were warm-blooded or cold-blooded, the editors have let the experts agree to disagree. Throughout technical jargon is kept to a minimum, and there is also a glossary of less familiar terms. Readers will find a wealth of information on the study and classification of dinosaurs, on each of the dinosaur groups, and on dinosaur biology and evolution. Not the least among these riches are the more than 350 illustrations (Including 16 pages of color plates), many prepared especially for this volume. The volume concludes with a survey of dinosaurs in the media and a chronology of the history of dinosaur science. This is the single most authoritative account of dinosaur paleontology for the general public, all in one volume. Sumptuously illustrated, with up-to-the-minute information, it features: more than 350 illustrations, including 16 pages in full color; each chapter written by an expert in dinosaur studies; includes the latest dinosaur discoveries; new information on the warm-blooded/cold-blooded debate; new insights on the possibility of isolating dinosaur DNA; what dinosaurs ate and how we know about it; dinosaurs in the media; a time-line of the history of dinosaur science; and much, much more!



Catalogue of Books in the Library of the American Antiquarian Society
  • Author : American Antiquarian Society. Library,Christopher Columbus Baldwin,Maturin Lewis Fisher
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1837
  • Category: America
  • Pages : N.A
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Collection includes about 8,000 vols. donated by Isaiah Thomas, founder of the Society. The catalogue is "almost wholly the work of the late lamented librarian, Christopher C. Baldwin ... completed and brought up to the present date by ... Maturin L. Fisher."


Methodological Aspects of the Development of Low Temperature Physics 1881–1956
  • Author : K. Gavroglu,Yorgos Goudaroulis
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN Code: 9400925565

Summary: This book is primarily about the methodological questions involved in attempts to understand two of the most peculiar phenomena in physics, both occurring at the lowest of temperatures. Superconductivity (the disappearance of electrical resistance) and superfluidity (the total absence of viscosity in liquid helium) are not merely peculiar in their own right. Being the only macroscopic quantum phenomena they also manifest a sudden and dramatic change even in those properties which have been amply used within the classical framework and which were thought to be fully understood after the advent of quantum theory. A few years ago we set ourselves the task of carrying out a methodological study of the "most peculiar" phenomena in physics and trying to understand the process by which an observed (rather than predicted) new phenomenon gets "translated" into a physical problem. We thought the best way of deciding which phenomena to choose was to rely on our intuitive notion about the "degrees of peculiarity" developed, no doubt, during the past ten years of active research in theoretical atomic and elementary particle physics. While the merits of the different candidates were compared, we were amazed to realize that neither the phenomena of the very small nor those of the very large could compete with the phenomena of the very cold. These were truly remarkable phenomena if for no other reason than for the difficulties encountered in merely describing them.


Global Warming and the Future of the Earth
  • Author : Robert G. Watts
  • Publisher : Morgan & Claypool Publishers
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 113
  • ISBN Code: 1598293400

Summary: The globally averaged surface temperature of the Earth has increased during the past century by about 0.7°C. Most of the increase can be attributed to the greenhouse effect, the increase in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide that is emitted when fossil fuels are burned to produce energy.The book begins with the important distinction between weather and climate, followed by data showing how carbon dioxide has increased and the incontrovertible evidence that it is caused by burning fossil fuels (i.e., coal, oil, and natural gas). I also address the inevitable skepticism that global warming arouses and offer a number of responses to the global warming skeptics. After dealing with the skeptics, I analyze both the current and future effects of global warming. These future effects are based on scenarios or “storylines†put forth by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. In closing, I address the controversial (and grim) suggestion that we have already passed the “tipping point,†which is the time after which, regardless of our future actions, global warming will cause considerable hardship on human society. I intend this book to be approachable for all concerned citizens, but especially students of the sciences and engineering who will soon be in a position to make a difference in the areas of energy and the environment. I have tried to frame the debate in terms of what the engineering community must do to help combat global warming. We have no choice but to think in terms of global environmental constraints as we design new power plants, factories, automobiles, buildings, and homes. The best thing for scientists to do is to present what we know, clearly separating what is known from what is suspected, in a non-apocalyptic manner. If matters are clearly and passionately presented to the public, we must be prepared to accept the will of the people. This presents the scientific community with an enormous responsibility, perhaps unlike any we have had in the past.Contents: Weather and Climate (and a Little History) / Are the Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases in the Atmosphere Increasing? / The Greenhouse Effect and the Evidence of Global Warming / The Skeptics: Are Their Doubts Scientifically Valid / Impacts: The "So What" Question / The Bottom Line



Instrumental Traditions and Theories of Light
  • Author : Xiang Chen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-07
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN Code: 9401141959

Summary: An analysis of the optical revolution in the context of early 19th century Britain. Far from merely involving the replacement of one optical theory by another, the revolution also involved substantial changes in instruments and the practices that surrounded them. People's judgements about classification, explanation and evaluation were affected by the way they used such optical instruments as spectroscopes, telescopes, polarisers, photometers, gratings, prisms and apertures. There were two instrumental traditions in this historical period, each of which nurtured a body of practice that exemplified how optical instruments should be operated, and especially how the eye should be used. These traditions functioned just like paradigms, shaping perspectives and even world views. Readership: Scholars and graduate students in the history of science, history of instrument, philosophy of science and science studies. Can also be used as a textbook in graduate courses on 19th century physics.