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The Geological Evolution of the River Nile Book by ,

The Geological Evolution of the River Nile Book
  • Author : ,
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN Code: 1461258413

Summary: This book gives the geological history of the river Nile since it started to excavate its course in the Egyptian plateaus in late Miocene time in response to the lowering sea level of the desic cating Mediterranean. It formed a canyon longer, deeper, and just as awe inspiring as the Grand Canyon, Arizona. The canyon was transgressed by the advancing Mediterranean as it started filling during the early Pliocene, and since then by a number of rivers which ebbed and flowed as they succeeded one another. The modern Nile is a recent and humble successor to mighty rivers which once occupied the Nile Valley. Dallas, Texas Rushdi Said August 1981 Acknowledgments This book is based on field work carried out in Egypt during the seasons 1961-1978 while the author was a member of the Com bined Prehistoric Expedition sponsored by Southern Methodist University, the Polish Academy of Science, and the Geological Survey of Egypt. Grateful acknowledgment is made to Professor Fred Wendorf, leader of the Expedition, and to several members for their fruitful discussions. Notable among these arepr. Claude Albritton, Southern Methodist University, and Dr. J. De Heinze lin, University of Ghent, Belgium. The field work was aided by geologists M. S. Abdel Ghany and A. Zaghloul of the Geological Survey of Egypt. The drafting was by Reed Ellis and Hoda S. Ar manious. I am also grateful to Dr. M. K.

The Ecology of Cyanobacteria Book by B.A. Whitton,M. Potts

The Ecology of Cyanobacteria Book
  • Author : B.A. Whitton,M. Potts
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2007-05-08
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 669
  • ISBN Code: 0306468557

Summary: Cyanobacteria make a major contribution to world photosynthesis and nitrogen fixation, but are also notorious for causing nuisances such as dense and often toxic `blooms' in lakes and the ocean. The Ecology of Cyanobacteria: Their Diversity in Time and Space is the first book to focus solely on ecological aspects of these organisms. Its twenty-two chapters are written by some thirty authors, who are leading experts in their particular subject. The book begins with an overview of the cyanobacteria - or blue-green algae, for those who are not specialists - then looks at their diversity in the geological record and goes on to describe their ecology in present environments where they play important roles. Why is one of the key groups of organisms in the Precambrian still one of the most important groups of phototrophs today? The importance of ecological information for rational management and exploitation of these organisms for commercial and other practical purposes is also assessed. Accounts are provided of nuisances as well as the ecology of the commercially successful Spirulina and the role of cyanobacteria in ecosystem recovery from oil pollution. Many chapters include aspects of physiology, biochemistry, geochemistry and molecular biology where these help general understanding of the subject. In addition there are three chapters dealing specifically with molecular ecology. Thirty-two pages of colour photos incorporate about seventy views and light micrographs. These features make the book valuable to a wide readership, including biologists, microbiologists, geologists, water managers and environmental consultants. The book complements the highly successful The Molecular Biology of Cyanobacteria already published by Kluwer.

Travertine Book by Allan Pentecost

Travertine Book
  • Author : Allan Pentecost
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2005-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 446
  • ISBN Code: 140203606X

Summary: uring the spring of 1960, an uncle showed me a ‘petrifying spring’ near Plaxtol in Kent Dwhere twigs had been encased in a calcareous jacket. A twig was collected and having - cently been given I. Evan’s Observer’s Book of Geology by my parents, I found a photograph of another petrifying spring and an explanation of its origin. In those days, Derbyshire was too far for a holiday destination, and I took little further interest until a research studentship with Professor G. E. Fogg became available in 1971. Tony Fogg had recently moved to the University College of North Wales, Bangor and the research was to be into cyanobacterium mats, with fieldwork along the Red Sea coast. The fieldwork never materialised but my interest in algal mats had been aroused. A chance stroll along the Bangor shore revealed beautifully calcified cya- bacterium mats, and Tony generously allowed me to investigate these instead. The old Plaxtol collection was retrieved and yielded abundant cyanobacteria. It became apparent that here was a wealth of information about a rock whose formation was so rapid, that the process could be studied in days rather than years – an exceptional state of affairs. A search of the literature also revealed that the rock, a form of travertine, had other unusual features.

Microbial Life of Cave Systems Book by Annette Summers Engel

Microbial Life of Cave Systems Book
  • Author : Annette Summers Engel
  • Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
  • Release Date : 2015-10-16
  • Category: Nature
  • Pages : 350
  • ISBN Code: 3110339889

Summary: The earth's subsurface contains abundant and active microbial biomass, living in water, occupying pore space, and colonizing mineral and rock surfaces. Caves are one type of subsurface habitat, being natural, solutionally- or collapse-enlarged openings in rock. Within the past 30 years, there has been an increase in the number of microbiology studies from cave environments to understand cave ecology, cave geology, and even the origins of life. By emphasizing the microbial life of caves, and the ecological processes and geological consequences attributed to microbes, this book provides the first authoritative and comprehensive account of the microbial life of caves for students, professionals, and general readers.

Environmental Law in Denmark Book by Ellen Margrethe Basse

Environmental Law in Denmark Book
  • Author : Ellen Margrethe Basse
  • Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
  • Release Date : 2020-01-14
  • Category: Law
  • Pages : 552
  • ISBN Code: 9403519657

Summary: Derived from the renowned multi-volume International Encyclopaedia of Laws, this book provides ready access to legislation and practice concerning the environment in Denmark. A general introduction covers geographic considerations, political, social and cultural aspects of environmental study, the sources and principles of environmental law, environmental legislation, and the role of public authorities. The main body of the book deals first with laws aimed directly at protecting the environment from pollution in specific areas such as air, water, waste, soil, noise, and radiation. Then, a section on nature and conservation management covers protection of natural and cultural resources such as monuments, landscapes, parks and reserves, wildlife, agriculture, forests, fish, subsoil, and minerals. Further treatment includes the application of zoning and land-use planning, rules on liability, and administrative and judicial remedies to environmental issues. There is also an analysis of the impact of international and regional legislation and treaties on environmental regulation. Its succinct yet scholarly nature, as well as the practical quality of the information it provides, make this book a valuable resource for environmental lawyers handling cases affecting Denmark. Academics and researchers, as well as business investors and the various international organizations in the field, will welcome this very useful guide, and will appreciate its value in the study of comparative environmental law and policy.

Dictionary of Gems and Gemology Book by Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai

Dictionary of Gems and Gemology Book
  • Author : Mohsen Manutchehr-Danai
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-09
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 565
  • ISBN Code: 3662042886

Summary: The rapid growth of gemological sciences and mineralogy demands a dictionary such as this for gemologists, mineralogists, geologists, jewel dealers, industry and hobbyists. With some 16,000 comprehensive definitions, supplemented by more than 250 diagrams and figures, this is a one-stop reference to any matter dealing with gems and gemology.

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology Book by R.E. Taylor,Martin J. Aitken

Chronometric Dating in Archaeology Book
  • Author : R.E. Taylor,Martin J. Aitken
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 396
  • ISBN Code: 1475796943

Summary: Since World War II, there has been tremendous success in the development of new methods for dating artifacts; the so-called `radiocarbon revolution' was only the first such discovery. The increasing accuracy of the various new techniques has brought about major changes in archaeological research strategies. This important new text compiles the work of some of today's most innovative archaeologists who summarize progress in their respective techniques over the last 30 years - with an emphasis on developments of the last five - and the status of current research.

The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho Book by David Neev,K. O. Emery

The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho Book
  • Author : David Neev,K. O. Emery
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 1995-08-10
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 192
  • ISBN Code: 9780195358063

Summary: The story of the destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho--three cities situated along a major fault line extending 1,100 kilometers from the Red Sea to Turkey--is the oldest such description in human history. In this book, noted geologists K.O. Emery and David Neev have revisited that story to shed light on what happened there some 4,350 years ago. With all the benefits of modern geological and forensic science techniques at their disposal, the authors explore an area where earthquakes, volcanic activity, variations in the Dead Sea's level, and oscillations between arid and wet climates have affected life there for over 10,000 years. In reviewing the geology, biblical paleogeography, and limnology of the region, the authors have produced fascinating insights into the tectonic and climatic changes that have occurred in the region over the last 6,000 years and how those changes have affected cultural life in the Middle East. The Destruction of Sodom, Gomorrah, and Jericho is the first book to combine modern science and biblical archaeology to produce an authoritative account of the of these three great cities. It will fascinate students and researchers in geology, geophysics, and archaeology alike.

Archaeological Chemistry Book by Zvi Goffer

Archaeological Chemistry Book
  • Author : Zvi Goffer
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2006-08-04
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN Code: 9780471915157

Summary: The chemical study of archaeological materials Archaeological Chemistry, Second Edition is about the applicationof the chemical sciences to the study of ancient man and hismaterial activities. The text of the book centers on the use ofchemical methods, but also refers to the contributions of physics,biology, and genetics to archaeological research. Subjects discussed in the book include the determination of thenature of ancient materials, their provenance and age, thetechnologies used for the production of man-made materials, and theanalysis of ancient human and animal remains (such as bone, driedblood, and coprolites), which yields information on ancient diets,kinship, habitancy, and migratory patterns. New developments in analytical chemistry and in relateddisciplines, which have contributed to archaeological researchsince the first edition of the book was published, are dealt within this edition, which also includes: * Updated information on the study of the nature, age, and provenanceof ancient materials * New sections on organic, biological and genetic studies * Glossary * Extensive bibliography The book is intended primarily for archaeologists, physicalanthropologists and students of archaeology and physicalanthropology, but will also be of use to conservators, curators,and art historians. Natural scientists reading it will becomeacquainted with advances in archaeological research which were madepossible only by the application of chemical, physical, andbiological methods and techniques.

Groundwater Hydrology of Springs Book by Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic

Groundwater Hydrology of Springs Book
  • Author : Neven Kresic,Zoran Stevanovic
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2009-08-29
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN Code: 9780080949451

Summary: Groundwater Hydrology of Water Resource Series - Water is an essential environmental resource and one that needs to be properly managed. As the world places more emphasis on sustainable water supplies, the demand for expertise in hydrology and water resources continues to increase. This series is intended for professional engineers, who seek a firm foundation in hydrology and an ability to apply this knowledge to solve problems in water resource management. Future books in the series are: Groudwater Hydrology of Springs (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of River Basins (2009), Groudwater Hydrology of Aquifers (2010), and Groudwater Hydrology of Wetlands (2010). First utilized as a primary source of drinking water in the ancient world, springs continue to supply many of the world's cities with water. In recent years their long-term sustainability is under pressure due to an increased demand from groundwater users. Edited by two world-renowned hydrologists, Groundwater Hydrology of Springs: Theory, Management, and Sustainability will provide civil and environmental engineers with a comprehensive reference for managing and sustaining the water quality of Springs. With contributions from experts from around the world, this book cover many of the world's largest springs, providing a unique global perspective on how engineers around the world are utilizing engineering principles for coping with problems such as: mismanagement, overexploitation and their impacts both water quantity and quality. The book will be divided into two parts: part one will explain the theory and principles of hydrology as they apply to Springs while part two will provide a rare look into the engineering practices used to manage some of the most important Springs from around the world. Description of the spring and the aquifer feeding it Latest groundwater and contaminant transport models Description of sources of aquifer use Understanding of contamination and/or possible contamination A plan for management and sustainability

Late Cenozoic Drainage History of the Southwestern Great Basin and Lower Colorado River Region Book by Marith C. Reheis,Robert Hershler,David M. Miller

Late Cenozoic Drainage History of the Southwestern Great Basin and Lower Colorado River Region Book
  • Author : Marith C. Reheis,Robert Hershler,David M. Miller
  • Publisher : Geological Society of America
  • Release Date : 2008-01-01
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 432
  • ISBN Code: 0813724392

Summary: Papers in this title were selected from presentations from an April 2005 workshop sponsored by the U.S. Geological Survey Earth Surface Dynamics Program, the U.S. Geological Survey National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, and the Smithsonian Institution. Papers are divided into two broad topics of the configuration, areal extent, and temporal development of the chain of interconnected lakes that emptied into Death Valley during periods of the Pleistocene, and the late Cenozoic history of drainage integration in the lower Colorado River region. Papers are occasionally illustrated in both color and black-and-white; the publication contains no index.

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics Book by Henk Kars,Lida van den Eijkel

Soil in Criminal and Environmental Forensics Book
  • Author : Henk Kars,Lida van den Eijkel
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-08
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 346
  • ISBN Code: 3319331159

Summary: This introductory volume to a new series on Soil Forensics gives a kaleidoscopic view of a developing forensic expertise. Forensic practitioners and academic researchers demonstrate, by their joint contributions, the extent and complexity of soil forensics. their reports exemplify the broad range of sciences and techniques applied in all stages of forensic soil examinations, from investigations at crime scenes to providing evidence that can be used in court proceedings. Moreover the necessity is depicted of co-operation as a condition for any work in soil forensics between scientists of different disciplines, but no less between scientists and law enforcers.Soils play a role in environmental crimes and liability, as trace evidence in criminal investigations and, when searching for and evaluating, buried human remains. This book shows soil forensics as practiced in this legal context, emerging and solidifying in many countries all over the world, differing in some respects because of differences in legal systems but ultimately sharing common grounds.

Geology Applied to Engineering Book by Terry R. West,Abdul Shakoor

Geology Applied to Engineering Book
  • Author : Terry R. West,Abdul Shakoor
  • Publisher : Waveland Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-19
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN Code: 1478637226

Summary: Geology Applied to Engineering bridges the gap between the two fields through its versatile application of the physical aspects of geology to engineering design and construction. The Second Edition elucidates real-world practices, concerns, and issues for today’s engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers. Both undergraduate and graduate students will benefit from the book’s thorough coverage, as will professionals involved in assessing sites for engineering projects, evaluating construction materials, developing water resources, and conducting tests using industry standards. West and Shakoor offer expanded coverage of important topics such as slope stability and ground subsidence and significant fields in engineering geology, such as highways, dams, tunnels, and rock blasting. In order to allow for the diverse backgrounds of geologists and engineers, material on the properties of minerals, rocks, and soil provides a working knowledge of applied geology as a springboard to more comprehensive subjects in engineering. Example problems throughout the text demonstrate the practical applications of soil mechanics, rock weathering and soils, structural geology, groundwater, and geophysics. Thought-provoking and challenging exercises supplement core concepts such as determining shear strength and failure conditions, calculating the depth needed for borings, reading and analyzing maps, and constructing stratigraphic cross sections.

Archaeology of the Rivas Region, Nicaragua Book by Paul Healy

Archaeology of the Rivas Region, Nicaragua Book
  • Author : Paul Healy
  • Publisher : Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
  • Release Date : 2006-01-01
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 412
  • ISBN Code: 0889207844

Summary: Central America before the Spanish Conquest has often been considered by North American archaeologists as a “backwater” of peripheral importance located between the advanced ancient civilizations of South America and Mesoamerica (Mexican–Maya country). Recent archaeological research has revealed that this area played a much more significant role in New World cultural history than was previously thought. Healy’s study examines the archaeological record of one subarea of Southern Central America, the Rivas region of Pacific Nicaragua. The work gives a detailed analysis of excavations and of artifacts recovered at seven significant prehistoric sites. A critical pioneering effort, the monograph documents cultural changes occurring over a 2,000–year time period—changes in technology, material culture, settlement, subsistence, and socio–political organization.

Sedimentary Basins Book by Gerhard Einsele

Sedimentary Basins Book
  • Author : Gerhard Einsele
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-06-29
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 792
  • ISBN Code: 3662040298

Summary: This completely revised and enlarged second edition provides an up-to-date overview of all major topics in sedimentary geology. It is unique in its quantitative approach to denudation-accumulation systems and basin fillings, including dynamic aspects. The relationship between tectonism and basin evolution as well as the concepts of sequence cycle and event stratigraphy in various depositional environments are extensively discussed. Numerous, often composite figures, a well-structured text, brief summaries in boxes, and several examples from all continents make the book an invaluable source of information for students, researchers and professors in academia as well as for professionals in the oil industry.

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources Book by NJ McKenzie,MJ Grundy,R Webster,AJ Ringrose-Voase

Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources Book
  • Author : NJ McKenzie,MJ Grundy,R Webster,AJ Ringrose-Voase
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release Date : 2008-04-07
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 576
  • ISBN Code: 0643099050

Summary: Guidelines for Surveying Soil and Land Resources promotes the development and implementation of consistent methods and standards for conducting soil and land resource surveys in Australia. These surveys are primarily field operations that aim to identify, describe, map and evaluate the various kinds of soil or land resources in specific areas. The advent of geographic information systems, global positioning systems, airborne gamma radiometric remote sensing, digital terrain analysis, simulation modelling, efficient statistical analysis and internet-based delivery of information has dramatically changed the scene in the past two decades. As successor to the Australian Soil and Land Survey Handbook: Guidelines for Conducting Surveys, this authoritative guide incorporates these new methods and techniques for supporting natural resource management. Soil and land resource surveyors, engineering and environmental consultants, commissioners of surveys and funding agencies will benefit from the practical information provided on how best to use the new technologies that have been developed, as will professionals in the spatial sciences such as geomorphology, ecology and hydrology.

Vineyards, Rocks, and Soils Book by Alex Maltman

Vineyards, Rocks, and Soils Book
  • Author : Alex Maltman
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2018-03-01
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN Code: 0190863307

Summary: Jurassic, basalt, moraine, flint, alluvial, magma: what are these words and what do they have to do with wine? The answers are here in this book. They are geological terms that reflect a bond between wine and the land. Understanding geology, however, is tricky. Geological concepts are obscure; processes can be imperceptibly slow, invisible, and unimaginably ancient. The terminology is formidable, such that even the names of common rocks carry an air of mystery. Geology is introduced plainly, starting with basic principles, all in the context of wine. The emphasis is on the kinds of processes that shape vineyards, and on the minerals, rocks and soils that host the vines. Geological words now commonly seen in wine writings are systematically explained. You will learn the stories behind some of the names, the human face of geology. The book also explores how the geology-wine connection manifests in the finished product and evaluates its importance, particularly in the contexts of minerality, terroir, and wine taste. The fact is that geology is increasingly being promoted in the world of wine; the aim here is to help it be properly understood.

The Archaeology of Greater Nicoya Book by Larry Steinbrenner,Alexander Geurds,Geoffrey G. McCafferty,Silvia Salgado

The Archaeology of Greater Nicoya Book
  • Author : Larry Steinbrenner,Alexander Geurds,Geoffrey G. McCafferty,Silvia Salgado
  • Publisher : University Press of Colorado
  • Release Date : 2021-11-01
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 564
  • ISBN Code: 1646421515

Summary: The Archaeology of Greater Nicoya is the first edited volume in a quarter century to provide an overview of this fascinating archaeological subarea of Mesoamerica, encompassing Pacific Nicaragua and northwestern Costa Rica. Inhabited by diverse peoples of Mesoamerican origin centuries before Spanish colonization, Greater Nicoya remains controversial in the twenty-first century as scholars struggle to achieve consensus on questions of geography, chronology, and cultural identity. Drawing on approaches ranging from ethnohistory to bioarchaeology to scientific and culture-historical archaeology, the book is organized into sections on redefining Greater Nicoya, projects and surveys, material culture, and mortuary practices. Individual chapters explore Indigenous groups and their origins, extensive summaries of the three largest scholarly archaeological projects completed in Pacific Nicaragua in the last quarter century, clear evidence of Mesoamerican connections from Costa Rica’s Bay of Culebra, detailed histories of lithic analysis and rock art studies in Nicaragua, new insights into mortuary and cultural practices based on osteological evidence, and reinterpretations of diagnostic ceramic types as products of related potting communities and the first definitive identification of production centers for these types. Drawing upon new 14C dates, this volume also provides the most substantial revision of the late pre-colonial chronology since the 1960s, a correction that has critical implications for understanding the prehistory of Greater Nicoya.