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Michael Foster and the Cambridge School of Physiology
  • Author : Gerald L. Geison
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-08
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 426
  • ISBN Code: 1400869110

Summary: Despite great ferment and activity among historians of science in recent years, the history of physiology after 1850 has received little attention. Gerald Geison makes an important contribution to our knowledge of this neglected area by investigating the achievements of English physiologists at the Cambridge School from 1870 to 1900. He describes individual scientists, their research, the scientific issues affecting their work, and socio-institutional influences on the group. He pays special attention to the personality and contributions of Michael Foster, founding father of the Cambridge School. Foster's specific research interest was the origin of the rhythmic heartbeat, and the author contends that the school itself descended from and developed around this concern. Originally published in 1978. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.


The Geological Record
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1888
  • Category: Geology
  • Pages : N.A
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: A list of publications on geology, mineralogy, and palæontology.


Quaternary of the Thames
  • Author : D.R. Bridgland
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 441
  • ISBN Code: 940110705X

Summary: This volume describes important sites in the Pleistocene deposits of the Thames terrace system laid down by the Thames and its tributaries. It correlates the Thames sequence with deposits found elsewhere in Britain, on the European continent and on the ocean floor.



Keepers of the Record
  • Author : Deidre Simmons
  • Publisher : McGill-Queen\'s Press - MQUP
  • Release Date : 2007
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 377
  • ISBN Code: 0773560491

Summary: "The Hudson's Bay Company Archives is one of the world's most complete archival collections and a national treasure. Protected in the vaults of the Archives of Manitoba, its documents trace the history of the fur trade, North American exploration, the growth of a retail empire, and the evolution of Canada as a country. Keepers of the Record offers the first comprehensive look at the development of the Hudson's Bay Company Archives over three centuries." "Deidre Simmons places the archives within the historical context of the Company, England, and Canada, as well as British and Canadian archival traditions. Keepers of the Record is illustrated with archival photographs that evoke the texture and slightly musty smell of soft leather and crisp vellum and the ghostly presence of the people who created the pristine script, writing by candlelight in unheated (or overheated, depending on the season) dwellings in the wilderness of the Hudson Bay or in the centre of London."--Résumé de l'éditeur.


Robert Hooke’s Contributions to Mechanics
  • Author : F.F. Centore
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 135
  • ISBN Code: 9401194130

Summary: In the history of science and philosophy and the philosophy of nature the name Robert Hooke has been largely ignored. If he is occasionally men tioned, it is usually in one of two ways: either he is briefly referred to in passing, or, he is viewed through the eyes of some later giant in the history of science and philosophy such as Sir Isaac Newton. Both approaches, however, do Hooke an injustice. Tn the academic world of today, there is no scholarly study available of Hooke's actual place in the history of science and philosophy with respect to his doctrines and accomplishments within the area of mechanics. Such a situation constitutes an unfortunate lacuna in the academic life of the world in our time. It is the more unfortunate because, in his time, Robert Hooke played an important role in the intellectual life of his world. Hooke, a contemporary of Boyle and Newton, lived from 1635 to 1703. For most of his active intellectual life he held the position of Curator of Experiments to the Royal Society of London. As a result of his own initi ative and of directives given him by other members of the Society, Hooke performed hundreds of experiments designed to explore the secrets of na ture so that men might better understand God's creation. In this treatise I will disengage from the large disorganized welter of monographs and trea tises left by Hooke all the material pertinent to the science of mechanics.



Mary Somerville and the Cultivation of Science, 1815–1840
  • Author : E.C. Patterson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN Code: 9400968396

Summary: Among the myriad of changes that took place in Great Britain in the first half of the nineteenth century, many of particular significance to the historian of science and to the social historian are discernible in that small segment of British society drawn together by a shared interest in natural phenomena and with sufficient leisure or opportunity to investigate and ponder them. This group, which never numbered more than a mere handful in comparison to the whole population, may rightly be characterized as 'scientific'. They and their successors came to occupy an increasingly important place in the intellectual, educational, and developing economic life of the nation. Well before the arrival of mid-century, natural philosophers and inventors were generally hailed as a source of national pride and of national prestige. Scientific society is a feature of nineteenth-century British life, the best being found in London, in the universities, in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in a few scattered provincial centres.


Cavendish
  • Author : Christa Jungnickel,Russell McCormmach,Professor of History of Science Russell McCormmach
  • Publisher : Bucknell University Press
  • Release Date : 1999
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 814
  • ISBN Code: 9780838754450

Summary: "The Cavendishes flourished during the high tide of British aristocracy following the revolution of 1688-89, and the case can be made that this aristocracy knew its finest hour when Henry Cavendish gently laid his delicate weights in the pan of his incomparable precision balance. For this it took two generations and two kinds of invention, one in social forms and the other in scientific technique. This biography tells how it came to pass."--BOOK JACKET.





In Search of William Gascoigne
  • Author : David Sellers
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-08-09
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 222
  • ISBN Code: 1461440971

Summary: William Gascoigne (c.1612-44) was the inventor of the telescopic sight and micrometer (instruments crucial to the advance of astronomy). His name is now known to historians of science around the world. For some considerable time after his tragic death at the age of 32 in the English Civil War, however, it seemed as if his achievements would be consigned to oblivion. Most of his papers were lost and even the few that survived have largely disappeared. This is the story of how his work was rescued. Into this story is woven an account of the state of astronomy and optics during Gascoigne’s lifetime, so that the reader can appreciate the significance of his discoveries.


EDGAR HOLDEN, M.D. OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY: PROVINCIAL PHYSICIAN ON A NATIONAL STAGE
  • Author : SANDRA W. MOSS, M. D., M. A.
  • Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
  • Release Date : 2014
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 580
  • ISBN Code: 1499021291

Summary: Edgar Holden, M.D., of Newark: Provincial Physician on a National Stage is a study of medicine and health in Essex County, New Jersey, and its largest city, Newark, in the decades following the Civil War. Th e book is structured around the multifaceted career of Edgar Holden, a Newark physician who transcended the provinciality that characterized Essex County?s medical community and institutions. Th e author demonstrates how institution building and new paradigms of medical authority funneled from burgeoning urban medical centers into the provincial and sluggish medical landscape of northern New Jersey. Th e lack of a medical school within the state stymied the intellectual and professional ferment that the best nineteenth-century American medical schools attracted and fostered. New York City, with its medical institutions and elite practitioners cast a giant shadow over northern New Jersey, which consequently has been somewhat neglected by historians of medicine. An exploration of this lively community of welltrained practitioners, fl edgling institutions, and ailing citizens sheds light on similar medical communities that found themselves importing?but rarely exporting?medical knowledge and expertise.








Tides
  • Author : David Edgar Cartwright
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2000-08-17
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 292
  • ISBN Code: 9780521797467

Summary: A history of the study of the tides over two millennia, from Ancient Greeks to present sophisticated space-age techniques.



TheCorrespondence of Michael Faraday
  • Author : Michael Faraday
  • Publisher : IET
  • Release Date : 1991
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 893
  • ISBN Code: 0863412505

Summary: Michael Faraday was one of the most important scientists of the 19th century, helping to lay the foundations of the modern electricity industry. This third volume of his letters, covering the period 1841 to 1848, includes correspondence with scientists, artists, politicians and the military.


All Scientists Now
  • Author : Marie Hall,Marie Boas Hall
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 2002-06-20
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 276
  • ISBN Code: 9780521892636

Summary: The history of the Royal Society in the nineteenth century is published as a full-length account for the first time in this book. Dr Marie Boas Hall has meticulously explored this fascinating period, using the Royal Society's own records. In 1800 the Royal Society was a leisurely club for scientists, scholars/politicians and patrons of science and learning. More important, it was a centre for improving knowledge of the natural sciences, and adviser to the Government on scientific matters. The first half of the book describes the manner of transition; the struggles and controversies among the most eminent scientists of the day. The second half concerns the emergence of the Royal Society as once again a leader of scientific opinion, as the recognised intermediary between science and Government, and as the chief advisory body to the Government. In the nineteenth century it became, in fact, the national academy of science.


The Life and Work of Professor J.W. Gregory FRS (1864-1932), Geologist, Writer and Explorer
  • Author : Bernard E. Leake
  • Publisher : Geological Society of London
  • Release Date : 2011
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN Code: 9781862393233

Summary: Gregory's remarkable career and his scientific work are here detailed and critically assessed. Accounts of his heroic 1893 expedition to the Rift Valley in Kenya (now the Gregory Rift), his first crossing of Spitzbergen, and his resignation as Leader of the first British Antarctic Expedition of 1901. In the Chair of Geology in Glasgow from 1904, he built up the largest first-year geology class in the UK, over 400 students. He worked in every field of geology and every continent except Antarctica. He was also involved with the search for a 'homeland' for the Jews in Libya and Angola.


Dinosaur Paleobiology
  • Author : Stephen L. Brusatte
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-04-30
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN Code: 0470656573

Summary: The study of dinosaurs has been experiencing a remarkable renaissance over the past few decades. Scientific understanding of dinosaur anatomy, biology, and evolution has advanced to such a degree that paleontologists often know more about 100-million-year-old dinosaurs than many species of living organisms. This book provides a contemporary review of dinosaur science intended for students, researchers, and dinosaur enthusiasts. It reviews the latest knowledge on dinosaur anatomy and phylogeny, how dinosaurs functioned as living animals, and the grand narrative of dinosaur evolution across the Mesozoic. A particular focus is on the fossil evidence and explicit methods that allow paleontologists to study dinosaurs in rigorous detail. Scientific knowledge of dinosaur biology and evolution is shifting fast, and this book aims to summarize current understanding of dinosaur science in a technical, but accessible, style, supplemented with vivid photographs and illustrations. The Topics in Paleobiology Series is published in collaboration with the Palaeontological Association, and is edited by Professor Mike Benton, University of Bristol. Books in the series provide a summary of the current state of knowledge, a trusted route into the primary literature, and will act as pointers for future directions for research. As well as volumes on individual groups, the series will also deal with topics that have a cross-cutting relevance, such as the evolution of significant ecosystems, particular key times and events in the history of life, climate change, and the application of a new techniques such as molecular palaeontology. The books are written by leading international experts and will be pitched at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers in both the paleontological and biological sciences. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/brusatte/dinosaurpaleobiology.


Acts of Alexander III King of Scots 1249 -1286
  • Author : Cynthia J Neville
  • Publisher : Edinburgh University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-06-25
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 288
  • ISBN Code: 0748649328

Summary: The volume brings together 330 documents from the reign of King Alexander III of Scotland, a key period in the history of the medieval kingdom, in one scholarly and accessible edition.


The Science of Ocean Waves
  • Author : J. B. Zirker
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2013-12-18
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN Code: 1421410796

Summary: "Powerful ocean waves fascinate the public, and they have made a lot of news lately." With that indisputable observation, scientist J. B. Zirker takes off on a whirlwind tour of the world of waves—from the "ordinary" waves that constantly churn the sea to the rogues or freaks that can rise up seemingly from nowhere to heights of 20 meters or more... and everything in between. Addressing questions most ocean visitors have had and offering new ones for our consideration, The Science of Ocean Waves explains in accessible language how waves are formed, how they move, how they become huge and destructive, and how they're being studied now for clues that will help us plan for the future. Devoting chapters to wind, tides, currents, breakers, tsunamis, forecasting, renewable energy, and El Niño—as well as discussing the gentler properties of ocean waves which inspire us and offer opportunities for relaxation and recreation—Zirker explores the physical factors that create waves. Drawing on some of the recent storms that have devastated entire regions—such as Hurricane Katrina, the tsunami launched by the 2004 Sumatran earthquake, and the great tsunami that crushed the shore of Japan in 2011—Zirker explains the forces that cause these monster waves and reveals the toll they take on human lives. Enhanced by dozens of illustrations and a comprehensive glossary, The Science of Ocean Waves will fascinate anyone curious about the science behind the headlines. Praise for J. B. Zirker "Scientists know their stuff but are rarely good storytellers, whereas good storytellers rarely possess the necessary sweeping command of a scientific discipline. Zirker is that rare animal who can both communicate the most demanding technical detail and make it accessible."—New Scientist


Enlightened Zeal
  • Author : Theodore Binnema
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-21
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 488
  • ISBN Code: 1442666951

Summary: Enlightened Zeal examines the fascinating history of the Hudson’s Bay Company’s involvement in scientific networks during the company’s two-hundred year chartered monopoly. Working from the company’s voluminous records, Ted Binnema demonstrates the significance of science in the company’s corporate strategies. Initially highly secretive about all of its activities, the HBC was by 1870 an exceptionally generous patron of science. Aware of the ways that a commitment to scientific research could burnish its corporate reputation, the company participated in intricate symbiotic networks that linked the HBC as a corporation with individuals and scientific organizations in England, Scotland, and the United States. The pursuit of scientific knowledge could bring wealth and influence, along with tribute, fame, and renown, but science also brought less tangible benefits: adventure, health, happiness, male companionship, self-improvement, or a sense of meaning. The first study of scientific research in any chartered company over the entire course of its monopoly, Enlightened Zeal expands our understanding of social networks in science, establishes the vast scope of the HBC’s contribution to public knowledge, and will inspire new research into the history of science in other chartered monopolies.



Schonland
  • Author : Brian Austin
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2016-04-19
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 639
  • ISBN Code: 1420033573

Summary: Schonland: Scientist and Soldier is a biography of Sir Basil Schonland FRS (1896-1972). Schonland was a major contributor to twentieth-century British and Commonwealth science, both in peace and war. This is not just a scientific biography, but a biography that tells much of a highly placed scientist and administrator, of the increasing engagement between science and the military, and of changing military-diplomatic relationships between Britain and South Africa. The author has drawn on a profusion of primary and secondary source material, from both South African and British archives, to produce a fine biography that is very readable and interesting.






Climate since AD 1500
  • Author : Bradley,,Jones,
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2003-09-02
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 724
  • ISBN Code: 1134810350

Summary: First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton
  • Author : Isaac Newton,Cambridge University Library,James Ed. Hall
  • Publisher : CUP Archive
  • Release Date : 1962
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 415
  • ISBN Code: 9780521294362

Summary: First published in 1962, this volume collects together some of Newton's most important scientific papers. Chosen primarily to illustrate Newton's ideas on the nature of matter, the papers afford valuable insights into Newton's development as a scientist and his ideas of the world that science explores. The six sections are entitled: Mathematics, Mechanics, Theory of Matter, Manuscripts related to the Principia, Education and Notes. Each section has a critical introduction to set the manuscripts in perspective and to discuss their implications. English translations of the Latin documents are given.


Francis Watkins and the Dollond Telescope Patent Controversy
  • Author : Mr Brian Gee
  • Publisher : Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
  • Release Date : 2014-06-28
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 430
  • ISBN Code: 1409466450

Summary: Francis Watkins was an eminent figure in his field of mathematical and optical instrument making in mid-eighteenth century London. Working from original documents, Brian Gee has uncovered the life and times of an optical instrument maker, who - at first glance - was not among the most prominent in his field. In fact, because Francis Watkins came from a landed background, the diversification of his assets enabled him to weather particular business storms - discussed in this book - where colleagues without such an economic cushion, were pushed into bankruptcy or forced to emigrate. He played an important role in one of the most significant legal cases to touch this profession, namely the patenting of the achromatic lens in telescopes. The book explains Watkins's origins, and how and why he was drawn into partnership with the famous Dollond firm, who at that point were Huguenot incomers. The patent for the achromatic telescope has never been satisfactorily explained in the literature, and the author has gone back to the original legal documents, never before consulted. He teases out the problems, lays out the evidence, and comes to some interesting new conclusions, showing the Dollonds as hard-headed and ruthless businessmen, ultimately extremely successful. The latter part of the book accounts for the successors of Francis Watkins, and their decline after over a century of successful business in central London.