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Pulltrouser Swamp
  • Author : B. L. Turner, II,Peter D. Harrison
  • Publisher : University of Texas Press
  • Release Date : 2014-09-10
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN Code: 1477303286

Summary: Among Mesoamericanists, the agricultural basis of the ancient Maya civilization of the Yucatan Peninsula has been an important topic of research—and controversy. Interest in the agricultural system of the Maya greatly increased as new discoveries showed that the lowland Maya were not limited to slash-and-burn technology, as had been previously believed, but used a variety of more sophisticated agricultural techniques and practices, including terracing, raised fields, and, perhaps, irrigation. Because of the nature of the data and because this form of agricultural technology had been key to explanations of state formation elsewhere in Mesoamerica, raised-field agriculture became a particular focus of investigation. Pulltrouser Swamp conclusively demonstrates the existence of hydraulic, raised-field agriculture in the Maya lowlands between 150 B.C. and A.D. 850. It presents the findings of the University of Oklahoma's Pulltrouser SwampProject, an NSF-supported interdisciplinary study that combined the talents of archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, paleobotanists, biologists, and zoologists to investigate the remains of the Maya agricultural system in the swampy region of northern Belize. By examining soils, fossil pollen and other plant remains, gastropods, relic settlements, ceramics, lithics, and other important evidence, the Pulltrouser Swamp team has clearly demonstrated that the features under investigation are relics of Maya-made raised and channelized fields and associated canals. Other data suggest the nature of the swamps in which the fields were constructed, the tools used for construction and cultivation, the possible crops cultivated, and at least one type of settlement near the fields, with its chronology. This verification of raised fields provides dramatic evidence of a large and probably organized workforce engaged in sophisticated and complex agricultural technology. As record of this evidence, Pulltrouser Swamp is a work of seminal importance for all students and scholars of New World prehistory.








New Perspectives on Formative Mesoamerican Cultures
  • Author : Society for American Archaeology. Meeting
  • Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 211
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: These seventeen `perspectives' on Mesoamerican cultures were originally presented at a symposia at the 66th annual meeting of the Society for American Archaeology held in New Orleans in 2001. Supported by illustrations of sites and finds, the contributions discuss the cultures that were responsible for some of the most significant social, economic and technological leaps forward across Mesoamerica. Such cultural revolutions are discussed in northern Belize, the Gulf, the Maya highlands and lowlands, Guatemala and the Pacific coast, Honduras, Mexico and Oaxaca. Subjects include: the development of architecture, the influence of interaction with the Olmec, external relationships and exchange, water management technology, the domestication of plants, cave utilisation, institutions and the transformation of the landscape. English throughout.


The Managed Mosaic
  • Author : Riverside) Conference on Ancient Maya Agriculture and Biological Resource Management (1991 : University of California
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1996
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 424
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: This collection draws on the most up-to-date investigations of Maya practices to show that the lowland Maya utilized a highly flexible regional and local approach in their management of agricultural, mineral, game, and water resources.



K'axob
  • Author : Patricia Ann McAnany
  • Publisher : Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 467
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: "Accompanying interactive CD-ROM provides complementary materials on a scale never before achieved and includes comprehensive data sets, over one thousand images." -- jacket.


Living with the Ancestors
  • Author : Patricia Ann McAnany
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: "Argues that ancestor veneration is a fundamental feature of the Maya cultural tradition at all socioeconomic levels. Uses ethnographic, ethnohistorical, and archaeological information to explore relationships among ancestors, lineages, and land tenure on









Gardens of Prehistory
  • Author : Thomas W. Killion
  • Publisher : University of Alabama Press
  • Release Date : 1992-09-30
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 334
  • ISBN Code: 9780817305659

Summary: Gardens of Prehistory details the social developments that were created by the prehistoric agricultural systems of the New World.


Classic Maya Polychrome Stucco Sculptures from Louisville, Belize
  • Author : Astrid Runggaldier
  • Publisher : British Archaeological Reports Limited
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 96
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: In the 1930s an amateur archaeologist discovered the `largest number of model[l]ed human heads from a single Maya building', which were recovered with little regard for stratigraphy. This volume reports on excavations in 2000 and 2002 at the rapidly-disappearing site of Louisville which aimed to reunite this important discovery with its archaeological context, an aim in which it succeeded. The book includes an illustrated catalogue of the stucco heads, reconstructing the many lost examples from drawings made at the time of their original discovery, and examines associated finds, structures and deposits. Finally, Runggaldier touches upon the function of these heads which, she argues, are clearly a form of portraiture, with each head depicting individual men and women. Colour photographs of the surviving heads completes the book.



Perspectives on Ancient Maya Rural Complexity
  • Author : Gyles Iannone,Samuel V. Connell
  • Publisher : Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
  • Release Date : 2003
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 153
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Settlement archaeology in the Maya area has focused much of its attention on the polar extremes of the settlement continuum. As a result of this urban/rural bias, a whole range of complex rural settlements remain under-explored. The chapters in this volume highlight the variable quality of these "middle level settlements".




Yearbook
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1989
  • Category: Latin America
  • Pages : N.A
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary:




MCAT Workbook(KAPLAN)(3판)
  • Author : Kaplan, Inc
  • Publisher : Kaplan
  • Release Date : 2002-12-01
  • Category: Medical colleges
  • Pages : 345
  • ISBN Code: 9780743235105

Summary: "How Do You Score Higher on the MCAT(R)? PRACTICE." In the "MCAT(R) Workbook," Kaplan's MCAT(R) experts have compiled the most effective practice exercises along with Kaplan's highly effective test-taking strategies. Used by itself or in combination with Kaplan's "MCAT(R) Comprehensive Review," this intensive workbook is specifically designed to help you build the critical skills you need to score higher on the new MCAT(R). - Practice with hundreds of questions to build your skills in each section of the MCAT(R). - 2 Biological Sciences Practice Sets - 2 Verbal Reasoning Practice Sets - 2 Writing Sample Practice Statements - 2 Physical Sciences Practice Sets - Prepare with a full-length practice MCAT(R), complete with an explanation for every answer and detailed score analysis. - Score Higher with Kaplan's exclusive strategies for approaching each MCAT(R) question type, maximizing your time, and minimizing stress. Also available: - Kaplan "MCAT(R) Comprehensive Review" - Kaplan "MCAT(R) 45" - Kaplan/"Newsweek Medical School Admissions Adviser" Sign up for the "Pre-Med Edge." Tap into Kaplan's expertise with the Pre-Med Edge, our free email newsletter. Filled with admissions tips, the latest test news, important deadlines, study aids, advice, and much more, the Pre-Med Edge is a great way to get the edge on the MCAT and med school admissions. Sign up today at kaptest.com Test Prep, Admissions and Guidance. For life. Kaplan has helped more than 3 million students achieve their educational and career goals. With 185 centers and more than 1,200 classroom locationsthroughout the United States and abroad, Kaplan provides a full range of services, including test preparation courses, admissions consulting, programs for international students, professional licensing preparation, and more. For more information, contact us at 1-800-KAP-TEST or visit kaptest.com (AOL Keyword: kaplan).


Reclaiming the Ancestors
  • Author : Frederick Matthew Wiseman
  • Publisher : Hanover, NH : University Press of New England
  • Release Date : 2005
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 287
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Reclaiming the Ancestors sets the record straight about the early history of the Wabanaki - the Abenaki, Penobscot, Passamaquoddy, Malecite, and Mi'kmaq. Wiseman proposes a sovereigntist approach to understanding the current archaeological understanding of Abenaki prehistory. He begins with an overview of the conflicting views of First Nations and archaeologists regarding Indigenous history and how he developed his research design model. Over the next 10 chapters the book explores and discusses the periods of Wabanaki prehistory. The final chapter takes the history to the beginning of the early contact period. The author makes he point that documentation of Wabanaki territory is of vital importance in today’s political climate of Vermont. The Wabanaki face major obstacles as politicians utilize archaeological evidence against the Wabanaki’s push for self-governance and recognition. The book contains limited black and white photographs of artifacts because the author made a conscious choice to respect items that were from grave sites. A fascinating history that dispels many previously-held academic viewpoints of the Wabanaki First Nations.




Maya Zooarchaeology
  • Author : Kitty F. Emery
  • Publisher : Cotsen Institute of Archaeology
  • Release Date : 2004
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 310
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: Maya Zooarchaeology: New Directions in Method and Theory, edited by Kitty F. Emery, explores the latest research on the complex relationship between the ancient Maya and their animal neighbors. This comprehensive work combines fundamental zooarchaeological data from sites across the Maya world with critical histories and state-of-the-art summaries of the modern methods and theoretical perspectives of Maya zooarchaeology. The contributing authors emphasize new developments in technical methods, recent trends in Mesoamerican "social zooarchaeology," and new interpretations enhanced by the regional scope of modern zooarchaeological investigations in the Maya world. The volume fosters cooperation among Mesoamerican zooarchaeologists and archaeologists, from first recovery and analysis through final theoretical reconstruction.






Ancient Maya Women
  • Author : Traci Ardren
  • Publisher : Altamira Press
  • Release Date : 2002
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: The flood of archaeological work in Maya lands has revolutionized our understanding of gender in ancient Maya society. The dozen contributors to this volume use a wide range of methodological strategies--archaeology, bioarchaeology, iconography, ethnohistory, epigraphy, ethnography--to tease out the details of the lives, actions, and identities of women of Mesoamerica. The chapters, most based upon recent fieldwork in Central America, examine the role of women in Maya society, their place in the political hierarchy and lineage structures, the gendered division of labor, and the discrepancy between idealized Mayan womanhood and the daily reality, among other topics. In each case, the complexities and nuances of gender relations is highlighted and the limitations of our knowledge acknowledged. These pieces represent an important advance in the understanding of Maya socioeconomic, political, and cultural life--and the archaeology of gender--and will be of great interest to scholars and students.



Maya Maritime Trade, Settlement, and Populations on Ambergris Caye, Belize
  • Author : Thomas H. Guderjan
  • Publisher : Labyrinthos
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 201
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: "Papers describe ancient Maya settlement patterns on Ambergis Caye, Belize. Interpretation emphasizes the participation of these settlements in maritime trade networks extending north along the coast of Yucatâan and south to the Gulf of Honduras"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 57.