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The Geological Record
  • Author : N.A
  • Publisher : Unknown
  • Release Date : 1888
  • Category: Geology
  • Pages : N.A
  • ISBN Code: N.A

Summary: A list of publications on geology, mineralogy, and palæontology.




Theoretical, Experimental and Numerical Contributions to the Mechanics of Fluids and Solids
  • Author : Paul Mansour Naghdi
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 1995-07-27
  • Category: Mathematics
  • Pages : 847
  • ISBN Code: 9783764351397

Summary: ZAMP special issue, Vol. 46 This is a comprehensive and up-to-date collection of papers on the mechanics of fluids and solids by leading researchers. It encompasses theoretical, experimental and numerical work on a variety of topics, including nonlinear elasticity, plastici- ty, dynamics, water waves, and turbulence. The collection is published in celebration of Professor Paul M. Naghdi's lifelong contributions to the field of mechanics. It will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in all branches of continuum mechanics.





Methodological Aspects of the Development of Low Temperature Physics 1881–1956
  • Author : K. Gavroglu,Yorgos Goudaroulis
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 178
  • ISBN Code: 9400925565

Summary: This book is primarily about the methodological questions involved in attempts to understand two of the most peculiar phenomena in physics, both occurring at the lowest of temperatures. Superconductivity (the disappearance of electrical resistance) and superfluidity (the total absence of viscosity in liquid helium) are not merely peculiar in their own right. Being the only macroscopic quantum phenomena they also manifest a sudden and dramatic change even in those properties which have been amply used within the classical framework and which were thought to be fully understood after the advent of quantum theory. A few years ago we set ourselves the task of carrying out a methodological study of the "most peculiar" phenomena in physics and trying to understand the process by which an observed (rather than predicted) new phenomenon gets "translated" into a physical problem. We thought the best way of deciding which phenomena to choose was to rely on our intuitive notion about the "degrees of peculiarity" developed, no doubt, during the past ten years of active research in theoretical atomic and elementary particle physics. While the merits of the different candidates were compared, we were amazed to realize that neither the phenomena of the very small nor those of the very large could compete with the phenomena of the very cold. These were truly remarkable phenomena if for no other reason than for the difficulties encountered in merely describing them.


Visual Perception
  • Author : Vicki Bruce,Mark A. Georgeson,Patrick R. Green
  • Publisher : Psychology Press
  • Release Date : 2014-08-27
  • Category: Psychology
  • Pages : 496
  • ISBN Code: 1136917071

Summary: This comprehensively updated and expanded revision of the successful second edition continues to provide detailed coverage of the ever-growing range of research topics in vision. In Part I, the treatment of visual physiology has been extensively revised with an updated account of retinal processing, a new section explaining the principles of spatial and temporal filtering which underlie discussions in later chapters, and an up-to-date account of the primate visual pathway. Part II contains four largely new chapters which cover recent psychophysical evidence and computational model of early vision: edge detection, perceptual grouping, depth perception, and motion perception. The models discussed are extensively integrated with physiological evidence. All other chapters in Parts II, III, and IV have also been thoroughly updated.



The Prehistory Of Scotland
  • Author : V. Gordon Childe
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-10-24
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 332
  • ISBN Code: 1317606485

Summary: This volume, originally published in 1935, sought to reveal the significance of Scottish prehistory for the development of understanding of European prehistory. Written at a time of rapid accumulation of new relics and monuments and the insights from them, Professor Childe presented some important new data and made tentative conclusions for the future results from these finds. After an introduction to the geography of Scotland the book looks at evidence from cairns, tombs and stone circles and then addresses chronologically the evidence from Early Bronze Age to Late and onto the Iron Age, with a chapter devoted to forts, towns and castles. It ends with a discussion of what happened in the Dark Ages and addresses questions about the Celts and the Picts and the diversity of the peoples in Scotland.






Mary Somerville and the Cultivation of Science, 1815–1840
  • Author : E.C. Patterson
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2012-12-06
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN Code: 9400968396

Summary: Among the myriad of changes that took place in Great Britain in the first half of the nineteenth century, many of particular significance to the historian of science and to the social historian are discernible in that small segment of British society drawn together by a shared interest in natural phenomena and with sufficient leisure or opportunity to investigate and ponder them. This group, which never numbered more than a mere handful in comparison to the whole population, may rightly be characterized as 'scientific'. They and their successors came to occupy an increasingly important place in the intellectual, educational, and developing economic life of the nation. Well before the arrival of mid-century, natural philosophers and inventors were generally hailed as a source of national pride and of national prestige. Scientific society is a feature of nineteenth-century British life, the best being found in London, in the universities, in Edinburgh and Glasgow, and in a few scattered provincial centres.


Instrumental Traditions and Theories of Light
  • Author : Xiang Chen
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-03-07
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 213
  • ISBN Code: 9401141959

Summary: An analysis of the optical revolution in the context of early 19th century Britain. Far from merely involving the replacement of one optical theory by another, the revolution also involved substantial changes in instruments and the practices that surrounded them. People's judgements about classification, explanation and evaluation were affected by the way they used such optical instruments as spectroscopes, telescopes, polarisers, photometers, gratings, prisms and apertures. There were two instrumental traditions in this historical period, each of which nurtured a body of practice that exemplified how optical instruments should be operated, and especially how the eye should be used. These traditions functioned just like paradigms, shaping perspectives and even world views. Readership: Scholars and graduate students in the history of science, history of instrument, philosophy of science and science studies. Can also be used as a textbook in graduate courses on 19th century physics.


Atlas of Crustacean Larvae
  • Author : Joel W. Martin,Jørgen Olesen,Jens T. Høeg
  • Publisher : JHU Press
  • Release Date : 2014-07-01
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 384
  • ISBN Code: 1421411989

Summary: Crustaceans—familiar to the average person as shrimp, lobsters, crabs, krill, barnacles, and their many relatives—are easily one of the most important and diverse groups of marine life. Poorly understood, they are among the most numerous invertebrates on earth. Most crustaceans start life as eggs and move through a variety of morphological phases prior to maturity. In Atlas of Crustacean Larvae, more than 45 of the world's leading crustacean researchers explain and illustrate the beauty and complexity of the many larval life stages. Revealing shapes that are reminiscent of aliens from other worlds—often with bizarre modifications for a planktonic life or for parasitization, including (in some cases) bulging eyes, enormous spines, and aids for flotation and swimming—the abundant illustrations and photographs show the detail of each morphological stage and allow for quick comparisons. The diversity is immediately apparent in the illustrations: spikes that deter predators occur on some larvae, while others bear unique specializations not seen elsewhere, and still others appear as miniature versions of the adults. Small differences in anatomy are shown to be suited to the behaviors and survival mechanisms of each species. Destined to become a key reference for specialists and students and a treasured book for anyone who wishes to understand "the invertebrate backbone of marine ecosystems," Atlas of Crustacean Larvae belongs on the shelf of every serious marine biologist.



Insect Infection and Immunity
  • Author : Jens Rolff,Stuart Reynolds
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2009-06-25
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN Code: 0191579149

Summary: Under continual attack from both microbial pathogens and multicellular parasites, insects must cope with immune challenges every day of their lives. However, this has not prevented them from becoming the most successful group of animals on the planet. Insects possess highly-developed innate immune systems which have been fine-tuned by an arms race with pathogens spanning hundreds of millions of years of evolutionary history. Recent discoveries are revealing both an unexpected degree of specificity and an indication of immunological memory - the functional hallmark of vertebrate immunity. The study of insect immune systems has accelerated rapidly in recent years and is now becoming an important interdisciplinary field. Furthermore, insects are a phenomenally rich and diverse source of antimicrobial chemicals. Some of these are already being seriously considered as potential therapeutic agents to control microbes such as MRSA. Despite a burgeoning interest in the field, this is the first book to provide a coherent synthesis and is clearly structured around two broadly themed sections: mechanisms of immunity and evolutionary ecology. This novel text adopts an interdisciplinary and concept-driven approach, integrating insights from immunology, molecular biology, ecology, evolutionary biology, parasitology, and epidemiology. It features contributions from an international team of leading experts. Insect Infection and Immunity is suitable for both graduate students and researchers interested in insect immunity from either an evolutionary, genetical, physiological or molecular perspective. Due to its interdisciplinary and concept-driven approach, it will also appeal to a broader audience of immunologists, parasitologists and evolutionary biologists requiring a concise overview.


Fifty Years of Invasion Ecology
  • Author : David M. Richardson
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-02-23
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 456
  • ISBN Code: 1444330004

Summary: Invasion ecology is the study of the causes and consequences of the introduction of organisms to areas outside their native range. Interest in this field has exploded in the past few decades. Explaining why and how organisms are moved around the world, how and why some become established and invade, and how best to manage invasive species in the face of global change are all crucial issues that interest biogeographers, ecologists and environmental managers in all parts of the world. This book brings together the insights of more than 50 authors to examine the origins, foundations, current dimensions and potential trajectories of invasion ecology. It revisits key tenets of the foundations of invasion ecology, including contributions of pioneering naturalists of the 19th century, including Charles Darwin and British ecologist Charles Elton, whose 1958 monograph on invasive species is widely acknowledged as having focussed scientific attention on biological invasions.


Biology of Fishes
  • Author : Quentin Bone,Richard Moore
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2008-03-19
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 450
  • ISBN Code: 1134186304

Summary: The VitalBook e-book version of Biology of Fishes is only available only in the US and Canada at the present time. To purchase or rent please visit http://store.vitalsource.com/show/978-1-1341-8631-0. The Third Edition of Biology of Fishes is chiefly about fish as remarkably efficient machines for coping with the many problems that life in wat


Polychaetes & Allies
  • Author : Pamela L. Beesley,Graham J. B. Ross,Christopher J. Glasby,Australian Biological Resources Study
  • Publisher : CSIRO PUBLISHING
  • Release Date : 2000
  • Category: Echiura
  • Pages : 465
  • ISBN Code: 9780643065710

Summary: A comprehensive account of Polychaetes in Australia. Based on nearly 2400 references, the authors reveal the wealth of diversity in the largely unknown world of these worm groups, in terms of their morphology, behaviour, reproduction and significance in marine ecosystems.


Dinosaur Paleobiology
  • Author : Stephen L. Brusatte
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-04-30
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN Code: 0470656573

Summary: The study of dinosaurs has been experiencing a remarkable renaissance over the past few decades. Scientific understanding of dinosaur anatomy, biology, and evolution has advanced to such a degree that paleontologists often know more about 100-million-year-old dinosaurs than many species of living organisms. This book provides a contemporary review of dinosaur science intended for students, researchers, and dinosaur enthusiasts. It reviews the latest knowledge on dinosaur anatomy and phylogeny, how dinosaurs functioned as living animals, and the grand narrative of dinosaur evolution across the Mesozoic. A particular focus is on the fossil evidence and explicit methods that allow paleontologists to study dinosaurs in rigorous detail. Scientific knowledge of dinosaur biology and evolution is shifting fast, and this book aims to summarize current understanding of dinosaur science in a technical, but accessible, style, supplemented with vivid photographs and illustrations. The Topics in Paleobiology Series is published in collaboration with the Palaeontological Association, and is edited by Professor Mike Benton, University of Bristol. Books in the series provide a summary of the current state of knowledge, a trusted route into the primary literature, and will act as pointers for future directions for research. As well as volumes on individual groups, the series will also deal with topics that have a cross-cutting relevance, such as the evolution of significant ecosystems, particular key times and events in the history of life, climate change, and the application of a new techniques such as molecular palaeontology. The books are written by leading international experts and will be pitched at a level suitable for advanced undergraduates, postgraduates, and researchers in both the paleontological and biological sciences. Additional resources for this book can be found at: http://www.wiley.com/go/brusatte/dinosaurpaleobiology.


Ecology of Wildlife Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Author : Bryan T. Grenfell,Leslie H. Chappell
  • Publisher : Cambridge University Press
  • Release Date : 1995
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 191
  • ISBN Code: 9780521567442

Summary: This new collection of articles, edited by Bryan T. Grenfell includes: Factors affecting the evolution of virulence: nematode parasites of fig wasps; Maintenance of a microparasite infecting several host species in the Seregeti; Wildlife disease and conservation in Hawaii: pathogenicity of avian malaria (Plasmodium relictum) in experimentally infected Iiwi (Vestiaria coccinia).


Principles of Environmental Physics
  • Author : John Monteith,Mike Unsworth
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2013-07-26
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 422
  • ISBN Code: 0123869935

Summary: Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture


Non-Linear Elastic Deformations
  • Author : R. W. Ogden
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release Date : 2013-04-26
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN Code: 0486318710

Summary: Classic in the field covers application of theory of finite elasticity to solution of boundary-value problems, analysis of mechanical properties of solid materials capable of large elastic deformations. Problems. References.


Ecology and Evolution of Dung Beetles
  • Author : Leigh W. Simmons,T. James Ridsdill-Smith
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2011-03-08
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN Code: 9781444341980

Summary: This book describes the evolutionary and ecological consequences of reproductive competition for scarabaeine dung beetles. As well as giving us insight into the private lives of these fascinating creatures, this book shows how dung beetles can be used as model systems for improving our general understanding of broad evolutionary and ecological processes, and how they generate biological diversity. Over the last few decades we have begun to see further than ever before, with our research efforts yielding new information at all levels of analysis, from whole organism biology to genomics. This book brings together leading researchers who contribute chapters that integrate our current knowledge of phylogenetics and evolution, developmental biology, comparative morphology, physiology, behaviour, and population and community ecology. Dung beetle research is shedding light on the ultimate question of how best to document and conserve the world's biodiversity. The book will be of interest to established researchers, university teachers, research students, conservation biologists, and those wanting to know more about the dung beetle taxon.


Gaining Ground
  • Author : Jennifer A. Clack
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2012
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 523
  • ISBN Code: 025335675X

Summary: Around 370 million years ago, a distant relative of a modern lungfish began a most extraordinary adventure—emerging from the water and laying claim to the land. Over the next 70 million years, this tentative beachhead had developed into a worldwide colonization by ever-increasing varieties of four-limbed creatures known as tetrapods, the ancestors of all vertebrate life on land. This new edition of Jennifer A. Clack's groundbreaking book tells the complex story of their emergence and evolution. Beginning with their closest relatives, the lobe-fin fishes such as lungfishes and coelacanths, Clack defines what a tetrapod is, describes their anatomy, and explains how they are related to other vertebrates. She looks at the Devonian environment in which they evolved, describes the known and newly discovered species, and explores the order and timing of anatomical changes that occurred during the fish-to-tetrapod transition.


Creating a Physical Biology
  • Author : Phillip R. Sloan,Brandon Fogel
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2011-12-15
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 319
  • ISBN Code: 0226767825

Summary: Despite its historical impact on the biological sciences, the paper entitled 'On the Nature of Gene Mutation and Gene Structure' has remained largely inaccessible because it was only published in a short-lived German periodical. This book makes the 'Three Man' Paper available in English for the first time.



Inventing Temperature
  • Author : Hasok Chang
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2004-08-05
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN Code: 0199883696

Summary: What is temperature, and how can we measure it correctly? These may seem like simple questions, but the most renowned scientists struggled with them throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. In Inventing Temperature, Chang examines how scientists first created thermometers; how they measured temperature beyond the reach of standard thermometers; and how they managed to assess the reliability and accuracy of these instruments without a circular reliance on the instruments themselves. In a discussion that brings together the history of science with the philosophy of science, Chang presents the simple eet challenging epistemic and technical questions about these instruments, and the complex web of abstract philosophical issues surrounding them. Chang's book shows that many items of knowledge that we take for granted now are in fact spectacular achievements, obtained only after a great deal of innovative thinking, painstaking experiments, bold conjectures, and controversy. Lurking behind these achievements are some very important philosophical questions about how and when people accept the authority of science.



The Elements of Continuum Biomechanics
  • Author : Marcelo Epstein
  • Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
  • Release Date : 2012-07-13
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 392
  • ISBN Code: 1118361008

Summary: An appealing and engaging introduction to Continuum Mechanics in Biosciences This book presents the elements of Continuum Mechanics to people interested in applications to biological systems. It is divided into two parts, the first of which introduces the basic concepts within a strictly one-dimensional spatial context. This policy has been adopted so as to allow the newcomer to Continuum Mechanics to appreciate how the theory can be applied to important issues in Biomechanics from the very beginning. These include mechanical and thermodynamical balance, materials with fading memory and chemically reacting mixtures. In the second part of the book, the fully fledged three-dimensional theory is presented and applied to hyperelasticity of soft tissue, and to theories of remodeling, aging and growth. The book closes with a chapter devoted to Finite Element analysis. These and other topics are illustrated with case studies motivated by biomedical applications, such as vibration of air in the air canal, hyperthermia treatment of tumours, striated muscle memory, biphasic model of cartilage and adaptive elasticity of bone. The book offers a challenging and appealing introduction to Continuum Mechanics for students and researchers of biomechanics, and other engineering and scientific disciplines. Key features: Explains continuum mechanics using examples from biomechanics for a uniquely accessible introduction to the topic Moves from foundation topics, such as kinematics and balance laws, to more advanced areas such as theories of growth and the finite element method.. Transition from a one-dimensional approach to the general theory gives the book broad coverage, providing a clear introduction for beginners new to the topic, as well as an excellent foundation for those considering moving to more advanced application


In the Eye of the Storm
  • Author : John Houghton
  • Publisher : Lion Books
  • Release Date : 2013-10-18
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN Code: 0745955843

Summary: Sir John Houghton's life chronicles the history of climate science. Discovering in the course of his study of the weather that climate change is a reality and does threaten the future of the planet, Houghton found out something else. Not all scientists were prepared to tell the truth. When truth is inconvenient, even threatening to certain interests, then those interests will go to great lengths to challenge it. He says 'The warning is now urgent. The science is now robust, time is moving on, and humankind is responding far too slowly. God has granted us stewardship of this planet . It is a creation full of wonder and we must do everything in our power to keep it so.' 'The warning has always been there, but opposing forces have prevented us from hearing it.' Sir John Houghton is still battling. This book is part of that battle.