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A New History of French Literature Book by

A New History of French Literature Book
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Harvard University Press
  • Release Date : 1998-08-19
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 1200
  • ISBN Code: 0674254619
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Summary: Designed for the general reader, this splendid introduction to French literature from 842 A.D.—the date of the earliest surviving document in any Romance language—to the present decade is the most compact and imaginative single-volume guide available in English to the French literary tradition. In fact, no comparable work exists in either language. It is not the customary inventory of authors and titles but rather a collection of wide-angled views of historical and cultural phenomena. It sets before us writers, public figures, criminals, saints, and monarchs, as well as religious, cultural, and social revolutions. It gives us books, paintings, public monuments, even TV shows. Written by 164 American and European specialists, the essays are introduced by date and arranged in chronological order, but here ends the book’s resemblance to the usual history of literature. Each date is followed by a headline evoking an event that indicates the chronological point of departure. Usually the event is literary—the publication of an original work, a journal, a translation, the first performance of a play, the death of an author—but some events are literary only in terms of their repercussions and resonances. Essays devoted to a genre exist alongside essays devoted to one book, institutions are presented side by side with literary movements, and large surveys appear next to detailed discussions of specific landmarks. No article is limited to the “life and works” of a single author. Proust, for example, appears through various lenses: fleetingly, in 1701, apropos of Antoine Galland’s translation of The Thousand and One Nights; in 1898, in connection with the Dreyfus Affair; in 1905, on the occasion of the law on the separation of church and state; in 1911, in relation to Gide and their different treatments of homosexuality; and at his death in 1922. Without attempting to cover every author, work, and cultural development since the Serments de Strasbourg in 842, this history succeeds in being both informative and critical about the more than 1,000 years it describes. The contributors offer us a chance to appreciate not only French culture but also the major critical positions in literary studies today. A New History of French Literature will be essential reading for all engaged in the study of French culture and for all who are interested in it. It is an authoritative, lively, and readable volume.

Ireland and French Enlightenment, 1700-1800 Book by G. Gargett,G. Sheridan

Ireland and French Enlightenment, 1700-1800 Book
  • Author : G. Gargett,G. Sheridan
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 1999-02-08
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 293
  • ISBN Code: 0230510159
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Summary: By what channels did the French Enlightenment reach the eighteenth-century Irish reader, and what impact did it have? What were the images of Ireland current in the France of the philosophers like Voltaire? These are the questions which a team of scholars attempt to answer in this volume.

Seduced by Logic Book by Robyn Arianrhod

Seduced by Logic Book
  • Author : Robyn Arianrhod
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2012-10-01
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN Code: 0199986924
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Summary: Newton's explanation of the natural law of universal gravity shattered the way mankind perceived the universe, and hence it was not immediately embraced. After all, how can anyone warm to a force that cannot be seen or touched? But for two women, separated by time and space but joined in their passion for Newtonian physics, the intellectual power of that force drove them to great achievements. Brilliant, determined, and almost entirely self-taught, they dedicated their lives to explaining and disseminating Newton's discoveries. Robyn Arianrhod's Seduced by Logic tells the story of Emilie du Chatelet and Mary Somerville, who, despite living a century apart, were connected by their love for mathematics and their places at the heart of the most advanced scientific society of their age. When Newton published his revolutionary theory of gravity, in his monumental Principia of 1687, most of his Continental peers rejected it for its reliance on physical observation and mathematical insight instead of religious or metaphysical hypotheses. But the brilliant French aristocrat and intellectual Emilie du Chatelet and some of her early eighteenth-century Enlightenment colleagues--including her lover, Voltaire--realized the Principia had changed everything, marking the beginning of theoretical science as a predictive, quantitative, and secular discipline. Emilie devoted herself to furthering Newton's ideas in France, and her translation of the Principia is still the accepted French version of this groundbreaking work. Almost a century later, in Scotland, Mary Somerville taught herself mathematics and rose from genteel poverty to become a world authority on Newtonian physics. She was f?ted by the famous French Newtonian, Pierre Simon Laplace, whose six-volume Celestial Mechanics was considered the greatest intellectual achievement since the Principia. Laplace's work was the basis of Mary's first book, Mechanism of the Heavens; it is a bittersweet irony that this book, written by a woman denied entry to university because of her gender, remained an advanced university astronomy text for the next century. Combining biography, history, and popular science, Seduced by Logic not only reveals the fascinating story of two incredibly talented women, but also brings to life a period of dramatic political and scientific change. With lucidity and skill, Arianrhod explains the science behind the story, and explores - through the lives of her protagonists - the intimate links between the unfolding Newtonian revolution and the development of intellectual and political liberty.

Capitalism and the Emergence of Civic Equality in Eighteenth-Century France Book by William H. Sewell Jr.

Capitalism and the Emergence of Civic Equality in Eighteenth-Century France Book
  • Author : William H. Sewell Jr.
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2021-04-28
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN Code: 022677063X
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Summary: There is little doubt that the French Revolution of 1789 changed the course of Western history. But why did the idea of civic equality—a distinctive signature of that revolution—find such fertile ground in France? How might changing economic and social realities have affected political opinions? William H. Sewell Jr. argues that the flourishing of commercial capitalism in eighteenth-century France introduced a new independence, flexibility, and anonymity to French social life. By entering the interstices of this otherwise rigidly hierarchical society, expanded commodity exchange colored everyday experience in ways that made civic equality thinkable, possible, even desirable, when the crisis of the French Revolution arrived. Sewell ties together masterful analyses of a multitude of interrelated topics: the rise of commerce, the emergence of urban publics, the careers of the philosophes, commercial publishing, patronage, political economy, trade, and state finance. Capitalism and the Emergence of Civic Equality in Eighteenth-Century France offers an original interpretation of one of history’s pivotal moments.

Steps, Faith to Reason Book by William C. White

Steps, Faith to Reason Book
  • Author : William C. White
  • Publisher : AuthorHouse
  • Release Date : 2009-10-26
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 454
  • ISBN Code: 9781449032210
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Summary: For centuries books have changed lives. Some even improved lives. This book provides an historical sketch of mankind’s path during the past four millennia with a focus on mankind’s use of faith and reason as faculties to guide life. Along this path there have been endless efforts to guide human lives; some even sought to reduce the brutishness of humans. Among the early efforts to encourage civility in human behavior were tenets, doctrines of faith-based religions. With faith, as used in this copy, one accepts without question doctrines and tenets of a religion. Later along mankind’s path, reason developed as a faculty enabling one to question, to seek truths and to use integrity, ethics and morality to do what is right. As in any path, there are increments of progress, steps, which serve as landmarks along the way. Reason, with rational thinking, got a foothold in the second millennium BCE, beginning a transfer by mankind in using reason rather than faith as a faculty to guide human life. The text describes some of the more progressive, landmark steps by 11 historical figures in the path of mankind illustrating advantages of reason as a faculty to guide one’s life. Many instances could mark the beginning of this path, but the one selected for the copy is the story of Abraham. With this person, beginning in Mesopotamia, the path traverses westward to the life of Thomas Paine in Paris, London and Philadelphia. The objective in this copy is to help the reader comprehend these progressive steps in utilizing reason rather than faith as a faculty to guide one’s life and to correct intolerance, injustice and other brutishness of humanity. Relevant historical information on the notable humans taking these steps, and on their times, hopefully will provide useful illumination for the steps described. “White examines how men from Abraham and Seneca to Voltaire and Thomas Paine helped ‘establish the use of reason rather than faith as a guide for mankind.’” “...Steps, Faith to Reason is nothing short of the history of Western thought condensed into a single, easily understood volume.” —ForeWord Clarion Review [Steps, Faith to Reason]...“represents the author’s sober assessment of the intellectual path humanity has taken from theocracy to secularity, from the ubiquity of religion to the use of scientific thought.” —Blue Ink Review

Philosophical Letters Book by Voltaire

Philosophical Letters Book
  • Author : Voltaire
  • Publisher : Courier Corporation
  • Release Date : 2012-06-12
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN Code: 0486143163
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Summary: The voice of the Age of Reason remarks on English religion and politics during the early 18th century: Quakers, Church of England, Presbyterians, Anti-Trinitarians, Parliament, government, commerce, plus essays on Locke, Descartes, and Newton.

Letters on England Book by Francois Voltaire

Letters on England Book
  • Author : Francois Voltaire
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release Date : 1980-04-24
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 176
  • ISBN Code: 0141907444
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Summary: Also known as the Lettres anglaises ou philosophiques, Voltaire's response to his exile in England offered the French public of 1734 a panoramic view of British culture. Perceiving them as a veiled attack against the ancien regime, however, the French government ordered the letters burned and Voltaire persecuted.

Candide Book by Francois Voltaire

Candide Book
  • Author : Francois Voltaire
  • Publisher : Penguin
  • Release Date : 2005-10-25
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN Code: 1101549742
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Summary: "All is for the best in the best of all possible worlds" It was the indifferent shrug and callous inertia that this "optimism" concealed which so angered Voltaire, who found the "all for the best" approach a patently inadequate response to suffering, to natural disasters, not to mention the questions of illness and man-made war. Moreover, as the rebel whose satiric genius had earned him not only international acclaim, but two stays in the Bastille, flogging, and exile, Voltaire knew personally what suffering entailed. In Candide he whisks his young hero and friends through a ludicrous variety of tortures, tragedies, and a reversal of fortune, in the company of Pangloss, a "metaphysico-theologo-comolo-nigologist" of unflinching optimism. The result is one of the glories of eighteenth-century satire. For more than sixty-five years, Penguin has been the leading publisher of classic literature in the English-speaking world. With more than 1,500 titles, Penguin Classics represents a global bookshelf of the best works throughout history and across genres and disciplines. Readers trust the series to provide authoritative texts enhanced by introductions and notes by distinguished scholars and contemporary authors, as well as up-to-date translations by award-winning translators.

The Works of William Congreve Book by Donald McKenzie

The Works of William Congreve Book
  • Author : Donald McKenzie
  • Publisher : OUP Oxford
  • Release Date : 2011-04-07
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 592
  • ISBN Code: 0191538140
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Summary: The late D. F. McKenzie worked on this comprehensive edition of the works of the playwright, poet, librettist, and novelist William Congreve for more than twenty years, until his sudden death in 1999. This was a task he had taken over from Herbert Davis, to whom this edition is dedicated. During that time McKenzie uncovered new verse and letters, collated Congreve's texts, recorded their complicated textual history, constructed appendices that shed light on the dramatic context in which Congreve worked, and examined how his contemporaries received Congreve's work. More importantly, McKenzie has convincingly re-evaluated Congreve's works and life to transform our image of the man and his reputation. McKenzie here follows the editorial practice suggested in two early editions of the Works published by Congreve's friend, the bookseller Jacob Tonson, in 1710 and 1719. These three volumes follow a plan similar to that in the Tonson edition, with The Old Batchelor, The Double-Dealer, and Love for Love collected in the first, a central volume with The Way of the World, and a final volume with Congreve's novel Incognita, some of his prose works, letters, and later verse. In each case, Congreve's work is left to speak for itself, unencumbered by intrusive notes, textual apparatus, or collations, which are gathered instead near the end of each volume. This edition will be an invaluable resource for scholars for many years to come. It is a monument to McKenzie's own scholarship as well as to the integrity of William Congreve.

The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment Book by J.B. Shank

The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment Book
  • Author : J.B. Shank
  • Publisher : University of Chicago Press
  • Release Date : 2008-09-15
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 464
  • ISBN Code: 0226749479
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Summary: Nothing is considered more natural than the connection between Isaac Newton’s science and the modernity that came into being during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment. Terms like “Newtonianism” are routinely taken as synonyms for “Enlightenment” and “modern” thought, yet the particular conjunction of these terms has a history full of accidents and contingencies. Modern physics, for example, was not the determined result of the rational unfolding of Newton’s scientific work in the eighteenth century, nor was the Enlightenment the natural and inevitable consequence of Newton’s eighteenth-century reception. Each of these outcomes, in fact, was a contingent event produced by the particular historical developments of the early eighteenth century. A comprehensive study of public culture, The Newton Wars and the Beginning of the French Enlightenment digsbelow the surface of the commonplace narratives that link Newton with Enlightenment thought to examine the actual historical changes that brought them together in eighteenth-century time and space. Drawing on the full range of early modern scientific sources, from studied scientific treatises and academic papers to book reviews, commentaries, and private correspondence, J. B. Shank challenges the widely accepted claim that Isaac Newton’s solitary genius is the reason for his iconic status as the father of modern physics and the philosophemovement.

The Romantic Prison Book by Victor H. Brombert

The Romantic Prison Book
  • Author : Victor H. Brombert
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-08
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 252
  • ISBN Code: 1400867517
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Summary: "Prison haunts our civilization," writes Victor Brombert. "Object of fear, it is also a subject of poetic reverie." Focusing on French literature of the Romantic era, the author probes the manifold significance of imprisonment as symbol and metaphor of the human condition. His thematic exploration draws on a constellation of writers ranging from the Platonic and Christian traditions to the Existentialist generation. Professor Brombert points out that nineteenth- and twentieth-century literature endowed the prison image with unusual prestige, and he examines the historical and social reasons. After considering the influence of Pascal and of the myth of the Bastille, he closely analyzes the work of Borel, Stendhal, Victor Hugo, Nerval, Baudelaire, Huysmans, and Sartre, with excursions into texts by Byron, Dostoevsky, Kafka, Solzhenitsyn, Sade, and others. His approach reflects a concern with the interaction of literature, historiography, and popular myth. This imaginative treatment deepens our understanding of Romanticism and its favored themes. It offers fresh thoughts as well about modern man's dialectical tensions between oppression and inner freedom, fate and revolt, and the awareness of the finite and the longing for infinity. A wide-ranging conclusion speculates about the future of the prison theme in a world that has been threatened by extermination camps. Originally published in 1978. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Voltaire's Tormented Soul Book by Alexander J. Nemeth

Voltaire's Tormented Soul Book
  • Author : Alexander J. Nemeth
  • Publisher : Associated University Presse
  • Release Date : 2008
  • Category: Biography & Autobiography
  • Pages : 359
  • ISBN Code: 9780934223928
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Summary: "The findings, in essence, reveal a person of dual identity, with unconscious forces playing a prominent role and holding the key to Voltaire's paradoxical character. His conscious, rational, and cognitively astute self - the standard-bearer of the philosophes in their epochal struggle for freedom - was also responsible for sealing off the subconscious portion of the self associated with traumatic experiences. The elaborate characterological structure erected to ward off consciously unacceptable impulses and, simultaneously, to obtain satisfaction of frustrated needs, is the subject of this study. The price he had to pay for the drastic disconnect between the two selves was formidable. In this volume, much attention is devoted to the unconventional ways and phantasmal stratagems adopted for dealing with the internal pressure of repressed impulses and a perpetual quest for affectional support. Some of these maneuvers show tenuous contact with social reality, as do his bizarre psychosomatic symptoms and bold rationalizations in the Memoirs." "Fortunately for the Western world, Voltaire's prodigious mind was put to use in rattling the cage of the intolerant and rigidly backward theocratic/political system. Due to his immense popularity as a playwright, and his agile participation in current events through a flood of pamphlets, leaflets, and occasional pieces, together with the gigantic volume and engaging style of his correspondence, the name Voltaire became synonymous with the Age of Enlightenment. The dual identity did not interfere with his effectiveness as a humanist. In fact, there is reason to believe that the energy invested in fighting l'infame, the oppressive authority of Church and State, was augmented by a dynamic driving force of the hidden self: the never verbalized and consciously never processed bitter resentment of paternal coercion. Principles and methods of depth psychology, as applied in the study, are elucidated and illustrated."--Jacket.

The Dreyfus Affair and the Rise of the French Public Intellectual Book by Tom Conner

The Dreyfus Affair and the Rise of the French Public Intellectual Book
  • Author : Tom Conner
  • Publisher : McFarland
  • Release Date : 2014-05-03
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN Code: 1476615888
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Summary: While countless books have chronicled the wrongful conviction of French military officer Alfred Dreyfus, his ensuing trials, and his eventual exoneration, this distinctive volume examines France’s Dreyfus Affair (1894–1906) with a critical eye, analyzing the actions of its main protagonists, the rise of the public intellectual, and the Affair’s continued relevance. After a brief overview of the events to establish the poisoned ideological climate of the day, the work explores how intellectuals like Bernard Lazare, Émile Zola, and others contributed to the Affair, defining both it and themselves in the process. With mini-portraits of the key players and a detailed chronology, this telling book combines rigorous scholarship with cultural commentary to demonstrate the continued relevance of the example set by Dreyfus and his many supporters.

The Jewish Eighteenth Century Book by Shmuel Feiner

The Jewish Eighteenth Century Book
  • Author : Shmuel Feiner
  • Publisher : Indiana University Press
  • Release Date : 2020-12-01
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 560
  • ISBN Code: 0253052580
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Summary: The eighteenth century was the Jews' first modern century. The deep changes that took place during its course shaped the following generations, and its most prominent voices still reverberate today. In this first volume of his magisterial work, Shmuel Feiner charts the twisting and fascinating world of the first half of the 18th century from the viewpoint of the Jews of Europe. Paying careful attention to life stories, to bright and dark experiences, to voices of protest, to aspirations of reform, and to strivings for personal and general happiness, Feiner identifies the tectonic changes that were taking place in Europe and their unprecedented effects on and among Jews. From the religious and cultural revolution of the Haskalah (Jewish Enlightenment) to the question of whether Jews could be citizens of any nation, Feiner presents a broad view of how this century of upheaval altered the map of Europe and the Jews who called it home.

The Elements of Newton's Philosophy Book by Voltaire

The Elements of Newton's Philosophy Book
  • Author : Voltaire
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-10-15
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN Code: 1136248005
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Summary: This is an exact reproduction of the 1738 edition of Voltaire's The Elements of Sir Issac Newton's Philosophy. An index has been added under supervision of the general editor.

Poetics of the Pillory Book by Thomas Keymer

Poetics of the Pillory Book
  • Author : Thomas Keymer
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2019-10-24
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN Code: 0191070920
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Summary: On the lapse of the Licensing Act in 1695, Thomas Macaulay wrote in his History of England, 'English literature was emancipated, and emancipated for ever, from the control of the government'. It's certainly true that the system of prior restraint enshrined in this Restoration measure was now at an end, at least for print. Yet the same cannot be said of government control, which came to operate instead by means of post-publication retribution, not pre-publication licensing, notably for the common-law offence of seditious libel. For many of the authors affected, from Defoe to Cobbett, this new regime was a greater constraint on expression than the old, not least for its alarming unpredictability, and for the spectacular punishment—the pillory—that was sometimes entailed. Yet we may also see the constraint as an energizing force. Throughout the eighteenth century and into the Romantic period, writers developed and refined ingenious techniques for communicating dissident or otherwise contentious meanings while rendering the meanings deniable. As a work of both history and criticism, this book traces the rise and fall of seditious libel prosecution, and with it the theatre of the pillory, while arguing that the period's characteristic forms of literary complexity—ambiguity, ellipsis, indirection, irony—may be traced to the persistence of censorship in the post-licensing world. The argument proceeds through case studies of major poets and prose writers including Dryden, Defoe, Pope, Fielding, Johnson, and Southey, and also calls attention to numerous little-known satires and libels across the extended period.

The Mapmaker's Wife Book by Robert Whitaker

The Mapmaker's Wife Book
  • Author : Robert Whitaker
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Release Date : 2008-11-05
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 368
  • ISBN Code: 0786741848
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Summary: In the early years of the 18th century, a band of French scientists set off on a daring, decade-long expedition to South America in a race to measure the precise shape of the earth. Like Lewis and Clark's exploration of the American West, their incredible mission revealed the mysteries of a little-known continent to a world hungry for discovery. Scaling 16,000foot mountains in the Peruvian Andes, and braving jaguars, pumas, insects, and vampire bats in the jungle, the scientists barely completed their mission. One was murdered, another perished from fever, and a third-Jean Godin-nearly died of heartbreak. At the expedition's end, Jean and his Peruvian wife, Isabel Gramesón, became stranded at opposite ends of the Amazon, victims of a tangled web of international politics. Isabel's solo journey to reunite with Jean after their calamitous twenty-year separation was so dramatic that it left all of 18th-century Europe spellbound. Her survival-unprecedented in the annals of Amazon exploration-was a testament to human endurance, female resourcefulness, and the power of devotion.Drawing on the original writings of the French mapmakers, as well as his own experience retracing Isabel's journey, acclaimed writer Robert Whitaker weaves a riveting tale rich in adventure, intrigue, and scientific achievement. Never before told, The Mapmaker's Wife is an epic love story that unfolds against the backdrop of "the greatest expedition the world has ever known."

Science and the Human Comedy Book by Harcourt Brown

Science and the Human Comedy Book
  • Author : Harcourt Brown
  • Publisher : University of Toronto Press
  • Release Date : 1976-12-15
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN Code: 1442650982
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Summary: New scientific theories, methods, and objectives exert subtle and often unnoticed influences on literary creation. The developments of the attitudes and aspirations of French scientists between the Renaissance and the Revolution and the impact of these new outlooks on French literature form the theme of this book by an authority in the interdisciplinary treatment of science and literature. Implicit in the author's exploration is the view that in the development of the scientific revolution there was no overall design, but rather random growth; human beings turn up at various moments, some of them appropriately, some of them not, so that the record is in part a story of successful endeavour, in part a comedy little short of farce. in the historical panorama of this book, four auhors, each known for his ironic, even comic, insight into the human condition, are chosen to illustrate the theme. As men of letters, Rabelais and Voltaire exhibit well-defined scientific interests, while Pascal and Maupertuis were drawn from their scientific vocations into the discussion of ideas in literary forms. Consideration of their similarities and differences suggested the title, Science and the Human Comedy. This work is a valuable contribution to our understanding of the historical and cultural conditions accompanying the advancement of science in a critical period, as well as of several ways in which the process was reflected, sometimes directly, more often indirectly, in literature. (University of Toronto Romance Series 30)

Models of the History of Philosophy Book by Gregorio Piaia,Giovanni Santinello

Models of the History of Philosophy Book
  • Author : Gregorio Piaia,Giovanni Santinello
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2015-08-24
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 1000
  • ISBN Code: 9401799660
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Summary: This is the third volume of Models of the History of Philosophy, a collaborative work on the history of the history of philosophy dating from the Renaissance to the end of the nineteenth century. The volume covers a decisive period in the history of modern thought, from Voltaire and the great “Encyclopédie” of Diderot and d'Alembert to the age of Kant, i.e. from the histoire de l'esprit humain animated by the idea of progress to the a priori history of human thought. The interest of the philosophes and the Kantians (Buhle and Tennemann) in the study and the reconstruction of the philosophies of the past was characterized by a spirit that was highly critical, but at the same time systematic. The material is divided into four large linguistic and cultural areas: the French, Italian, British and German. The detailed analysis of the 35 works which can be considered to be “general” histories of philosophy is preceded and accompanied by lengthy introductions on the historical background and references to numerous other works bordering on philosophical historiography.

Persian Letters Book by Charles de Secondat baron de Montesquieu

Persian Letters Book
  • Author : Charles de Secondat baron de Montesquieu
  • Publisher : ReadHowYouWant.com
  • Release Date : 2008-10-15
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 270
  • ISBN Code: 1442946172
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Summary: Persian Letters is a satirical novel in an epistolary form. Montesquieu narrates the experiences of two fictional Persians travelling through France. Through the characters, the barbarism of contemporary French life is analyzed from an outsider's perspective. He compares European and non-European societies, role of religion, systems of government, political authority, and the role of law.

Enlightenment and Secularism Book by Christopher Nadon

Enlightenment and Secularism Book
  • Author : Christopher Nadon
  • Publisher : Lexington Books
  • Release Date : 2013-04-18
  • Category: Political Science
  • Pages : 420
  • ISBN Code: 0739177486
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Summary: Enlightenment and Secularism is a collection of twenty eight essays that seek to understand the connection between the European Enlightenment and the emergence of secular societies, as well as the character or nature of those societies.

The Huguenots and French Opinion, 1685-1787 Book by Geoffrey Adams

The Huguenots and French Opinion, 1685-1787 Book
  • Author : Geoffrey Adams
  • Publisher : Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press
  • Release Date : 2006-01-01
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 336
  • ISBN Code: 0889209049
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Summary: The decision of Louis XIV to revoke the Edict of Nantes and thus liquidate French Calvinism was well received in the intellectual community which was deeply prejudiced against the Huguenots. This antipathy would gradually disappear. After the death of the Sun King, a more sympathetic view of the Protestant minority was presented to French readers by leading thinkers such as Montesquieu, the abbé Prévost, and Voltaire. By the middle years of the eighteenth century, liberal clerics, lawyers, and government ministers joined Encyclopedists in urging the emancipation of the Reformed who were seen to be loyal, peaceable and productive. Then, in 1787, thanks to intensive lobbying by a group which included Malesherbes, Lafayette, and the future revolutionary Rabaut Saint-Étienne, the government of Louis XVI issued an edict of toleration which granted the Huguenots a modest bill of civil and religious rights. Adams’ illuminating work treats a major chapter in the history of toleration; it explores in depth a fascinating shift in mentalités, and it offers a new focus on the process of “reform from above” in pre-Revolutionary France.

The Structure and Form of the French Enlightenment, Volume 1 Book by Ira O. Wade

The Structure and Form of the French Enlightenment, Volume 1 Book
  • Author : Ira O. Wade
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-08
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 716
  • ISBN Code: 140087162X
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Summary: The author describes the influence on the Enlightenment of the intellectual currents that had been active in France, particularly the historical and humanistic esprit critique and the scientific esprit modern. In the first volume he traces the transformation they brought about in religion, ethics, aesthetics, science, politics, economics, and self-knowledge. His analysis of works by Voltaire, Diderot, and Rousseau—including the Encyclopedic—defines their organic unity and clarifies contradictions that appear to threaten the coherence, consistency, and logical continuity of the esprit philosophique. Originally published in 1977. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Enlightenment Thought Book by Margaret L. King

Enlightenment Thought Book
  • Author : Margaret L. King
  • Publisher : Hackett Publishing
  • Release Date : 2019-02-19
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 304
  • ISBN Code: 1624667554
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Summary: "Margaret L. King has put together a highly representative selection of readings from most of the more significant—but by no means the most obvious—texts by the authors who made up the movement we have come to call the 'Enlightenment.' They range across much of Europe and the Americas, and from the early seventeenth century until the end of the eighteenth. In the originality of the choice of texts, in its range and depth, this collection offers both wide coverage and striking insights into the intellectual transformation which has done more than any other to shape the world in which we live today. It is simply the best introduction to the subject now available." —Anthony Pagden, UCLA, and author of The Enlightenment and Why It Still Matters

The Mind and the Market Book by Jerry Z. Muller

The Mind and the Market Book
  • Author : Jerry Z. Muller
  • Publisher : Anchor
  • Release Date : 2007-12-18
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 512
  • ISBN Code: 0307428990
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Summary: Capitalism has never been a subject for economists alone. Philosophers, politicians, poets and social scientists have debated the cultural, moral, and political effects of capitalism for centuries, and their claims have been many and diverse. The Mind and the Market is a remarkable history of how the idea of capitalism has developed in Western thought. Ranging across an ideological spectrum that includes Hobbes, Voltaire, Adam Smith, Edmund Burke, Hegel, Marx, and Matthew Arnold, as well as twentieth-century communist, fascist, and neoliberal intellectuals, historian Jerry Muller examines a fascinating thread of ideas about the ramifications of capitalism and its future implications. This is an engaging and accessible history of ideas that reverberate throughout everyday life.

Lettres philosophiques Book by Voltaire

Lettres philosophiques Book
  • Author : Voltaire
  • Publisher : Arvensa editions
  • Release Date : 2014-02-18
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 900
  • ISBN Code: 2368417230
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Summary: Nouvelle édition de Lettres philosophiques de Voltaire augmentée d'annexes (Biographie). L'ouvrage a été spécifiquement mis en forme pour votre liseuse. — Naviguez par simple clic de chapitre à chapitre ou de livre à livre. — Accédez instantanément à la table des matières hyperliée globale. — Une table des matières est placée également au début de chaque titre. A PROPOS DE L'ÉDITEUR : Les éditions Arvensa sont les leaders de la littérature classique numérique. Leur objectif est de vous faire connaître les oeuvres des grands auteurs de la littérature classique en langue française à un prix abordable tout en vous fournissant la meilleure expérience de lecture sur votre liseuse. Tous les titres sont produits avec le plus grand soin. Le service qualité des éditions Arvensa s’engage à vous répondre dans les 48h. Retrouvez tous les titres sur le site internet des éditions Arvensa.

Lettres philosophiques Book by Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Lettres philosophiques Book
  • Author : Jean-Jacques Rousseau
  • Publisher : Le Livre de Poche
  • Release Date : 2011-09-12
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 568
  • ISBN Code: 2253158712
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Summary: Édition enrichie (Préface, notes, notes complémentaires, glossaire, chronologie et bibliographie) Les lettres de Rousseau que l'on trouvera ici rassemblées font partie intégrante de son oeuvre, et il les a écrites avec le même soin qu'il mettait à ses livres. Ses correspondants sont parfois célèbres, comme Voltaire à qui il adresse la « Lettre sur la providence », le marquis de Mirabeau avec lequel il s'entretient de physiocratie, ou bien Malesherbes, destinataire des fameuses lettres« autobiographiques ». Mais ce sont aussi des amis, comme la comtesse d'Houdetot à laquelle il adresse une série de six lettres morales ou bien encore des inconnus qui souhaitent recueillir ses conseils. Philosophiques, ces pages le sont donc au sens le plus large, tant l'écrivain aborde des sujets divers, et sur des modes divers, rédigeant tantôt de véritables petits traités, tantôt des lettres de direction spirituelle et morale. Ce qui se découvre ainsi sur près de trente ans, de 1742 à 1771, ce sont les débats d'une époque et la part essentielle qu'y a prise Rousseau, mais aussi, au-delà même de la pensée qu'il développe, un autoportrait de l'écrivain dans son temps. Edition de Jean-François Perrin.

An American Voltaire Book by E. Joe Johnson,Byron R. Wells

An American Voltaire Book
  • Author : E. Joe Johnson,Byron R. Wells
  • Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
  • Release Date : 2012-11-30
  • Category: Literary Criticism
  • Pages : 340
  • ISBN Code: 1443843679
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Summary: This collection of essays was assembled to honor the memory of the late, eminent Voltaire scholar J. Patrick Lee. It includes seventeen essays by prominent scholars from the United States, Canada, the United Kingdom, and France on a variety of topics in French eighteenth-century studies. Essay titles include: “A New Genre: l’Opéra moral / Moral Opera in Eighteenth-Century France,” “Voltaire and the Uses of Censorship: The Example of the Lettres Philosophiques,” “Enlightenment Intertextuality: The Case of Heraldry in the Encyclopédie méthodique,” “Sex as Satire in Voltaire's Fiction,” “Violence, Levity, and the Dictionary in Old Regime France: Chaudon’s Dictionnaire anti-philosophique,” “L’abbé, l’amazone, le bon roi et les frelons,” “Greuze’s Self-Portraits: Figures of Artistic Identity,” “From Forest to Field: Sylvan Elegists of Eighteenth-Century France,” “The Falsification of Voltaire's Letters and the Public Persona of the Author: From the Lettres secrettes (1765) to the Commentaire historique (1776),” “The Baron de Saint-Castin, Bricaire de la Dixmerie, and Azakia (1765),” “John Law and the Rhetoric of Calculation,” “‘Le Roi des Bulgares’: Was Voltaire's Satire on Frederick the Great just too Opaque?” “Voltaire and the Voyage to Rome,” “Textual liaisons: Voltaire, Paméla and Don Quixote,” “Les petits livres du grand homme: polémique et combat philosophique chez Voltaire,” “Sentimental Horror: Enlightenment Tragedy and the Rise of the Genre Terrible,” “Voltaire and the Comic Genre: Polemics and Rhetoric.”

Entre-Textes Book by Oana Panaïté,Vera A. Klekovkina

Entre-Textes Book
  • Author : Oana Panaïté,Vera A. Klekovkina
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2017-07-28
  • Category: Foreign Language Study
  • Pages : 308
  • ISBN Code: 135177901X
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Summary: Entre-Textes introduces advanced students of French to the richness of the Francophone world through literature from the Middle Ages to the 21st century. The course anthology is divided into fourteen modules, each of which pairs a classical text with a modern one. Students are guided to read works from different periods of time and cultural origin and consider how these echo, complement or question each other. Through comparing and contrasting the texts, students will develop a new approach to reading literature while simultaneously reinforcing linguistic and cultural competencies. Suitable for advanced students of French and featuring texts from across the French-speaking world, Entre-Textes is an innovative course anthology with a flexible structure and versatile methodology.

Philosophical Dictionary Book by Francois Voltaire

Philosophical Dictionary Book
  • Author : Francois Voltaire
  • Publisher : Penguin UK
  • Release Date : 2004-05-27
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 416
  • ISBN Code: 0141915218
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Summary: Voltaire's Philosophical Dictionary, first published in 1764, is a series of short, radical essays - alphabetically arranged - that form a brilliant and bitter analysis of the social and religious conventions that then dominated eighteenth-century French thought. One of the masterpieces of the Enlightenment, this enormously influential work of sardonic wit - more a collection of essays arranged alphabetically, than a conventional dictionary - considers such diverse subjects as Abraham and Atheism, Faith and Freedom of Thought, Miracles and Moses. Repeatedly condemned by civil and religious authorities, Voltaire's work argues passionately for the cause of reason and justice, and criticizes Christian theology and contemporary attitudes towards war and society - and claims, as he regards the world around him: 'common sense is not so common'.

The Structure and Form of the French Enlightenment, Volume 2 Book by Ira O. Wade

The Structure and Form of the French Enlightenment, Volume 2 Book
  • Author : Ira O. Wade
  • Publisher : Princeton University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-03-08
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 468
  • ISBN Code: 1400871638
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Summary: The author describes the influence on the Enlightenment of the intellectual currents that had been active in France, particularly the historical and humanistic esprit critique and the scientific esprit moderne. The second volume probes the writings of Morelly, Helvetius, Holbach, Mably, and Condorcet as they reveal the transformation of the esprit philosophique into the esprit revolutionnaire. Originally published in 1978. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Measure of the Earth Book by Larrie D. Ferreiro

Measure of the Earth Book
  • Author : Larrie D. Ferreiro
  • Publisher : Basic Books
  • Release Date : 2011-05-31
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 376
  • ISBN Code: 0465023452
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Summary: In the early eighteenth century, at the peak of the Enlightenment, an unlikely team of European scientists and naval officers set out on the world’s first international, cooperative scientific expedition. Intent on making precise astronomical measurements at the Equator, they were poised to resolve one of mankind’s oldest mysteries: the true shape of the Earth. In Measure of the Earth, award-winning science writer Larrie D. Ferreiro tells the full story of the Geodesic Mission to the Equator for the very first time. It was an age when Europe was torn between two competing conceptions of the world: the followers of René Descartes argued that the Earth was elongated at the poles, even as Isaac Newton contended that it was flattened. A nation that could accurately determine the planet’s shape could securely navigate its oceans, giving it great military and imperial advantages. Recognizing this, France and Spain organized a joint expedition to colonial Peru, Spain’s wealthiest kingdom. Armed with the most advanced surveying and astronomical equipment, they would measure a degree of latitude at the Equator, which when compared with other measurements would reveal the shape of the world. But what seemed to be a straightforward scientific exercise was almost immediately marred by a series of unforeseen catastrophes, as the voyagers found their mission threatened by treacherous terrain, a deeply suspicious populace, and their own hubris. A thrilling tale of adventure, political history, and scientific discovery, Measure of the Earth recounts the greatest scientific expedition of the Enlightenment through the eyes of the men who completed it—pioneers who overcame tremendous adversity to traverse the towering Andes Mountains in order to discern the Earth’s shape. In the process they also opened the eyes of Europe to the richness of South America and paved the way for scientific cooperation on a global scale.

Candide Book by Voltaire Voltaire

Candide Book
  • Author : Voltaire Voltaire
  • Publisher : Xist Publishing
  • Release Date : 2016-04-02
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 131
  • ISBN Code: 1681959526
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Summary: Candide by Voltaire from Coterie Classics All Coterie Classics have been formatted for ereaders and devices and include a bonus link to the free audio book. “Do you believe,' said Candide, 'that men have always massacred each other as they do to-day, that they have always been liars, cheats, traitors, ingrates, brigands, idiots, thieves, scoundrels, gluttons, drunkards, misers, envious, ambitious, bloody-minded, calumniators, debauchees, fanatics, hypocrites, and fools?' Do you believe,' said Martin, 'that hawks have always eaten pigeons when they have found them?” ― Voltaire, Candide Candide is a young man who is raised in wealth to be an optimist but when he is forced to make his own way in the world, his assumptions and outlook are challenged.

Newton - Innovation And Controversy Book by Rowlands Peter

Newton - Innovation And Controversy Book
  • Author : Rowlands Peter
  • Publisher : World Scientific
  • Release Date : 2017-11-10
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 324
  • ISBN Code: 1786344041
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Summary: Unique among celebrated scientists, Newton was equally gifted at theoretical physics, experimental physics and pure mathematics. He was also exceptional in another, less well-recognised sense. No one has come near to equalling his extraordinary analytical power.Analytically-derived truths are controversial because such truths can only be established by extended experimental verification or by their success in generating further truths by systematic development. While Newton's optics was ultimately established by the first method and his theory of gravity by the second, much of his work on other subjects, though equally powerful and innovative, has never been totally established as part of this analytical context. This book discusses why the innovations matter today and why they were, and sometimes still are, controversial.Published as the third of a three-part set for Newtonian scholars, historians of science, philosophers of science and others interested in Newtonian physics.All Titles: 1.Newton and Modern Physics 2.Newton and the Great World System 3.Newton — Innovation and Controversy

The Philosophy of Affordances Book by Manuel Heras-Escribano

The Philosophy of Affordances Book
  • Author : Manuel Heras-Escribano
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2019-01-17
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 232
  • ISBN Code: 3319988301
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Summary: This book is the first monograph fully devoted to analyzing the philosophical aspects of affordances. The concept of affordance, coined and developed in the field of ecological psychology, describes the possibilities for action available in the environment. This work offers a systematic approach to the key philosophical features of affordances, such as their ontological characterization, their relation to normative practices, and the idea of agency that follows from viewing affordances as key objects of perception, while also proposing an innovative philosophical characterization of affordances as dispositional properties. The Philosophy of Affordances analyzes the implications that a proper understanding of affordances has for the philosophy of mind and the cognitive sciences, and aims to intensify the dialogue between philosophy and ecological psychology in which each discipline benefits from the tools and insights of the other.

'The Philosophes' by Charles Palissot Book by Charles Palissot

'The Philosophes' by Charles Palissot Book
  • Author : Charles Palissot
  • Publisher : Open Book Publishers
  • Release Date : 2021-01-21
  • Category: Literary Collections
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN Code: 1783749113
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Summary: In 1760, the French playwright Charles Palissot de Montenoy wrote Les Philosophes – a scandalous farcical comedy about a group of opportunistic self-styled philosophers. Les Philosophes emerged in the charged historical context of the pamphlet wars surrounding the publication of Diderot and d’Alembert’s Encyclopédie, and delivered an oblique but acerbic criticism of the intellectuals of the eighteenth-century Enlightenment, including the likes of Diderot and Rousseau. This book presents the first high-quality English translation of the play, including critical apparatus. The translation is based on Olivier Ferret’s edition, and renders the text into iambic pentameter to preserve the character of the original. Adaptations are further provided of Ferret’s introduction and notes. This masterful and highly accessible translation of Les Philosophes opens up this polemical text to a non-specialist audience. It will be a valuable resource to non-Francophone scholars and students working on the philosophical exchanges of the Enlightenment. Moreover, this translation – the result of a year-long project undertaken by Jessica Goodman with six of her undergraduate French students – expounds the value of collaboration between scholar and student, and, as such, provides a model for other language tutors embarking on translation projects with their students.

Sophie's World Book by Jostein Gaarder

Sophie's World Book
  • Author : Jostein Gaarder
  • Publisher : Farrar, Straus and Giroux
  • Release Date : 2007-03-20
  • Category: Fiction
  • Pages : 544
  • ISBN Code: 1466804270
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Summary: One day Sophie comes home from school to find two questions in her mail: "Who are you?" and "Where does the world come from?" Before she knows it she is enrolled in a correspondence course with a mysterious philosopher. Thus begins Jostein Gaarder's unique novel, which is not only a mystery, but also a complete and entertaining history of philosophy.

The Eve of the French Revolution Book by Edward Lowell

The Eve of the French Revolution Book
  • Author : Edward Lowell
  • Publisher : Jovian Press
  • Release Date : 2017-12-20
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 572
  • ISBN Code: 1537809296
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Summary: It is characteristic of the European family of nations, as distinguished from the other great divisions of mankind, that among them different ideals of government and of life arise from time to time, and that before the whole of a community has entirely adopted one set of principles, the more advanced thinkers are already passing on to another. Throughout the western part of continental Europe, from the sixteenth to the eighteenth century, absolute monarchy was superseding feudalism; and in France the victory of the newer over the older system was especially thorough. Then, suddenly, although not quite without warning, a third system was brought face to face with the two others. Democracy was born full-grown and defiant. It appealed at once to two sides of men's minds, to pure reason and to humanity. Why should a few men be allowed to rule a great multitude as deserving as themselves? Why should the mass of mankind lead lives full of labor and sorrow? These questions are difficult to answer...