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Disasters: Core Concepts and Ethical Theories Book by

Disasters: Core Concepts and Ethical Theories Book
  • Author :
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2018-10-16
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 244
  • ISBN Code: 3319927221

Summary: This Open Access Book is the first to examine disasters from a multidisciplinary perspective. Justification of actions in the face of disasters requires recourse both to conceptual analysis and ethical traditions. Part 1 of the book contains chapters on how disasters are conceptualized in different academic disciplines relevant to disasters. Part 2 has chapters on how ethical issues that arise in relation to disasters can be addressed from a number of fundamental normative approaches in moral and political philosophy. This book sets the stage for more focused normative debates given that no one book can be completely comprehensive. Providing analysis of core concepts, and with real-world relevance, this book should be of interest to disaster scholars and researchers, those working in ethics and political philosophy, as well as policy makers, humanitarian actors and intergovernmental organizations..

Qualitative and Digital Research in Times of Crisis Book by Kara, Helen,Khoo, Su-ming

Qualitative and Digital Research in Times of Crisis Book
  • Author : Kara, Helen,Khoo, Su-ming
  • Publisher : Policy Press
  • Release Date : 2021-11-29
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 240
  • ISBN Code: 1447363817

Summary: Crises such as the COVID-19 pandemic, disasters, or violent conflict present numerous challenges for researchers. Faced with disruption, obstacles, and even danger to their own lives, researchers in times of crisis must adapt or redesign existing research methods in order to continue their work effectively. Including contributions on qualitative and digital research from Europe, Asia, Africa, Australasia, and the Americas, this volume explores the creative and thoughtful ways in which researchers have adapted methods and rethought relationships in response to challenges arising from crises. Their collective reflections, strategies, and practices highlight the importance of responsive, ethical, and creative research design and the need to develop methods for fostering mutual, reflexive, and healthy relationships in times of crisis.

Ethics, Law and Natural Hazards Book by Lauren Traczykowski

Ethics, Law and Natural Hazards Book
  • Author : Lauren Traczykowski
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-03-09
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 132
  • ISBN Code: 1000356493

Summary: This book argues that the international community has a moral duty to intervene on behalf of a population affected by a natural hazard when their government is either unable or unwilling to provide basic, life-saving assistance. The work draws on law, international relations theory, and political philosophy to articulate that non-response to a natural hazard is unethical. In providing policy suggestions the author articulates what should happen based on an ethical analysis. Readers will thus gain an ethical lens with which to view intervention in the aftermath of a natural hazard. The book encourages readers to consider the nuances of arguments from various disciplines about whether or not intervention is appropriate. Whilst arguing throughout that an intervention policy in response to natural hazards should be developed by the international community, the study also accounts for why intervention should only be used in very limited situations. This interdisciplinary approach makes the book essential reading for researchers, academics and policy-makers working in the areas of international law, humanitarian studies, human rights, international relations and political science.

The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law Book by Lavanya Rajamani,Jacqueline Peel

The Oxford Handbook of International Environmental Law Book
  • Author : Lavanya Rajamani,Jacqueline Peel
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2021-08-06
  • Category: Law
  • Pages : 1104
  • ISBN Code: 0192589032

Summary: The second edition of this leading reference work provides a comprehensive discussion of the dynamic and important field of international law concerned with environmental protection. It is edited by globally-recognised international environmental law scholars, Professor Lavanya Rajamani and Professor Jacqueline Peel, and features 67 chapters authored by 76 renowned experts in their fields. The Handbook discusses the key principles underpinning international environmental law, its relevant actors and tools, and rules applying in its substantive sub-fields such as climate law, oceans law, wildlife and biodiversity law, and hazardous substances regulation. It also explores the intersection of international environmental law with other areas of international law, such as those concerned with trade, investment, disaster, migration, armed conflict, intellectual property, energy, and human rights. The Handbook sets its discussion of international environmental law in the broader interdisciplinary context of developments in science, ethics, politics and economics, which inform the way in which environmental rules are made, implemented, and enforced. It provides an introduction to the foundations of international environmental law while also engaging with questions at the frontiers of research, teaching, and practice in the field, including the role of Global South perspectives, the contribution made by Earth jurisprudence, and the growing role of a diverse range of actors from indigenous peoples to business and industry. Like the first edition, this second edition of the Handbook is an essential reference text for all engaged with environmental issues at the international level and the applicable governance and regulatory structures.

Disease, Disasters and Decisions A Multi-Method Analysis of Temporary Response Organizations Book by Reto M. Wegmann

Disease, Disasters and Decisions A Multi-Method Analysis of Temporary Response Organizations Book
  • Author : Reto M. Wegmann
  • Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
  • Release Date : 2021-07-13
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 140
  • ISBN Code: 3736964706

Summary: Disasters and diseases have shaped history from Mount Vesuvius burying Pompeii until today’s societies struggling through the Covid-19 pandemic. They result in critical economic and human losses, and sometimes in changed political power balances. Diseases and disasters are so important for the world and its global population, that they are researched by various academic disciplines, and they appear in all great holy scriptures. This dissertation aims to contribute to our understanding of performance of temporary response organizations by determining respective performance predictors. Contributing to handling two of the world’s greatest scourges may result in massively reducing the occurring economic costs – and even in human lives saved. The overall research question is: How can the performance of temporary organizations responding to disasters and disease outbreaks be predicted? Reto Wegmann’s dissertation is structured in six chapters. It starts with introductory remarks in Chapter 1, and explains theoretical backgrounds as well as terms and definitions in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 inducts organizational performance predictors, which are then used to generate hypotheses, which are empirically tested against different data sets, in Chapter 4 and Chapter 5. Chapter 6 concludes the dissertation by summarizing the insights gained, proposing theoretical and practical conclusions, pointing out the limitations and strengths and weaknesses, and by outlining multiple paths for future research.

Public Health and Beyond in Latin America and the Caribbean Book by Sherri L. Porcelain

Public Health and Beyond in Latin America and the Caribbean Book
  • Author : Sherri L. Porcelain
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-09-30
  • Category: History
  • Pages : 228
  • ISBN Code: 1000451232

Summary: Public Health and Beyond in Latin America and the Caribbean: Reflections from the Field explores the diverse and complex public health landscape, from global to regional to local, by considering historical and socio-cultural factors to contextualize the ongoing public health crisis. Drawing on four decades of field experience, research, and teaching, Sherri L. Porcelain uses case studies to offer a realistic view of the public heath struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean. Using specific countries as regional examples, the book shows how population health has been inextricably linked to political, economic, social, cultural, ethical, ecological, environmental, and technological factors. Chapters in this book will examine the history of public health issues associated with international development, globalization and the international political economy, disasters, diplomacy, and security studies coupled with the changing role of key actors driving the global and regional agendas. The final chapter examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and what it means for the future of public health. This book is recommended for undergraduate students interested in the history of Latin America and the Caribbean as well as others concerned with global and regional population health challenges.

Researching in the Age of COVID-19 Vol 2 Book by Kara, Helen,Khoo, Su-Ming

Researching in the Age of COVID-19 Vol 2 Book
  • Author : Kara, Helen,Khoo, Su-Ming
  • Publisher : Policy Press
  • Release Date : 2020-10-23
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 148
  • ISBN Code: 1447360419

Summary: As researchers have begun to adapt to the continuing presence of COVID-19, they have also begun to reflect more deeply on fundamental research issues and assumptions. Researchers around the world have responded in diverse, thoughtful and creative ways – from adapting data collection methods to fostering researcher and community resilience, while also attending to often urgent needs for care. This book, part of a series of three Rapid Responses, connects themes of care and resilience, addressing their common concern with wellbeing. It has three parts: addressing researchers’ wellbeing, considering participants’ wellbeing, and exploring care and resilience as a shared and mutually entangled concern. The other two books focus on Response and Reassessment, and Creativity and Ethics. Together they help academic, applied and practitioner-researchers worldwide adapt to the new challenges COVID-19 brings.

Global Bioethics Book by Henk ten Have

Global Bioethics Book
  • Author : Henk ten Have
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2016-02-10
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 272
  • ISBN Code: 1317300815

Summary: The panorama of bioethical problems is different today. Patients travel to Thailand for fast surgery; commercial surrogate mothers in India deliver babies to parents in rich countries; organs, body parts and tissues are trafficked from East to Western Europe; physicians and nurses migrating from Africa to the U.S; thousands of children or patients with malaria, tuberculosis and AIDS are dying each day because they cannot afford effective drugs that are too expensive. Mainstream bioethics as it has developed during the last 50 years in Western countries is evolving into a broader approach that is relevant for people across the world and is focused on new global problems. This book provides an introduction into the new field of global bioethics. Addressing these problems requires a broader vision of bioethics that not only goes beyond the current emphasis on individual autonomy, but that criticizes the social, economic and political context that is producing the problems at global level. This book argues that global bioethics is a necessity because the social, economic and environmental effects of globalization require critical responses. Global bioethics is not a finished product that can simply be applied to solve global problems, but it is the ongoing result of interaction and exchange between local practices and global discourse. It combines recognition of differences and respect for cultural diversity with convergence towards common perspectives and shared values. The book examines the nature of global problems as well as the type of responses that are needed, in order to exemplify the substance of global bioethics. It discusses the ethical frameworks that are available for global discourse and shows how these are transformed into global governance mechanisms and practices.

Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations Book by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations

Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations Book
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Guidance for Establishing Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2009-09-23
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN Code: 9780309145480

Summary: The influenza pandemic caused by the 2009 H1N1 virus underscores the immediate and critical need to prepare for a public health emergency in which thousands, tens of thousands, or even hundreds of thousands of people suddenly seek and require medical care in communities across the United States. Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations draws from a broad spectrum of expertise--including state and local public health, emergency medicine and response, primary care, nursing, palliative care, ethics, the law, behavioral health, and risk communication--to offer guidance toward establishing standards of care that should apply to disaster situations, both naturally occurring and man-made, under conditions in which resources are scarce. This book explores two case studies that illustrate the application of the guidance and principles laid out in the report. One scenario focuses on a gradual-onset pandemic flu. The other scenario focuses on an earthquake and the particular issues that would arise during a no-notice event. Outlining current concepts and offering guidance, this book will prove an asset to state and local public health officials, health care facilities, and professionals in the development of systematic and comprehensive policies and protocols for standards of care in disasters when resources are scarce. In addition, the extensive operations section of the book provides guidance to clinicians, health care institutions, and state and local public health officials for how crisis standards of care should be implemented in a disaster situation.

Disaster Health Management Book by Gerry FitzGerald,Mike Tarrant,Peter Aitken,Marie Fredriksen

Disaster Health Management Book
  • Author : Gerry FitzGerald,Mike Tarrant,Peter Aitken,Marie Fredriksen
  • Publisher : Taylor & Francis
  • Release Date : 2016-09-13
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 352
  • ISBN Code: 1317434854

Summary: Disaster health is an emerging field that focuses on developing prevention, preparation, response and recovery systems for dealing with health problems that result from a disaster. As disasters worldwide differ in their nature, scope and cultural context, a thorough understanding of the fundamental tenets of sound disaster health management is essential for both students and practitioners to participate confidently and effectively in the field. Disaster Health Management is the first comprehensive textbook to provide a standard guide to terminology and management systems across the entire spectrum of disaster health. Authored by experienced educators, researchers and practitioners in disaster health management, this textbook provides an authoritative overview of: The conceptual basis for disaster management Systems and structures for disaster management Managing disasters through the continuum of preparedness, response and recovery The variations associated with both natural and technological disasters The strategic considerations associated with leadership, research, education and future directions. Using Australasian systems and structures as examples of generic principles which will find application globally, Disaster Health Management is an essential text for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for professionals involved in all aspects of disaster management.

Disaster Bioethics: Normative Issues When Nothing is Normal Book by Dónal P. O’Mathúna,Bert Gordijn,Mike Clarke

Disaster Bioethics: Normative Issues When Nothing is Normal Book
  • Author : Dónal P. O’Mathúna,Bert Gordijn,Mike Clarke
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-12-26
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 219
  • ISBN Code: 9400738641

Summary: This book provides an early exploration of the new field of disaster bioethics: examining the ethical issues raised by disasters. Healthcare ethics issues are addressed in the first part of this book. Large-scale casualties lead to decisions about who to treat and who to leave behind, cultural challenges, and communication ethics. The second part focuses on disaster research ethics. With the growing awareness of the need for evidence to guide disaster preparedness and response, more research is being conducted in disasters. Any research involving humans raises ethical questions and requires appropriate regulation and oversight. The authors explore how disaster research can take account of survivors? vulnerability, informed consent, the sudden onset of disasters, and other ethical issues. Both parts examine ethical challenges where seeking to do good, harm can be done. Faced with overwhelming needs and scarce resources, no good solution may be apparent. But choosing the less wrong option can have a high price. In addition, what might seem right at home may not be seen to be right elsewhere. This book provides in-depth and practical reflection on these and other challenging ethical questions arising during disasters. Scholars and practitioners who gathered at the Brocher Foundation in Geneva, Switzerland in 2011 offer their reflections to promote further dialogue so that those devastated by disasters are respected by being treated in the most ethically soun d ways possible.

Human Security and Natural Disasters Book by Christopher Hobson,Paul Bacon,Robin Cameron

Human Security and Natural Disasters Book
  • Author : Christopher Hobson,Paul Bacon,Robin Cameron
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2014-03-26
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 210
  • ISBN Code: 1317814401

Summary: "Human security" is an approach that rejects the traditional prioritization of state security, and instead identifies the individual as the primary referent of security. It offers a way of broadening our perspective, and recognizing that the most pressing threats to individuals do not come from interstate war, but from the emergencies that affect people every day, such as famine, disease, displacement, civil conflict and environmental degradation. Human security is about people living their lives with dignity, being free from "fear" and "want". To date, there has been a strong tendency to focus on insecurity caused by civil conflict, with less attention on issues to do with environmental security. This volume addresses the threat posed by natural disasters, which represent an increasingly major human security threat to people everywhere. In looking at natural disasters, this book also refines the human security approach. It does so through developing its previously unexplored interdisciplinary potential. This volume explicitly seeks to bring the human security approach into conversation with contributions from a range of disciplines: development, disaster sociology, gender studies, international law, international relations, philosophy, and public health. Collectively these scholars unpack the "human" element of "natural" disasters. In doing so, an emphasis is placed on how pre-existing vulnerabilities can be gravely worsened, as well as the interconnected nature of human security threats. The book presents a variety of case studies that include the Indian Ocean tsunami, Hurricane Katrina, the 2010 Haiti earthquake, and the 2011 "triple disasters" in Japan.

Reporting Disaster on Deadline Book by Lee Wilkins,Martha Steffens,Esther Thorson,Greeley Kyle,Kent Collins,Fred Vultee

Reporting Disaster on Deadline Book
  • Author : Lee Wilkins,Martha Steffens,Esther Thorson,Greeley Kyle,Kent Collins,Fred Vultee
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2012-08-21
  • Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
  • Pages : 152
  • ISBN Code: 1136513957

Summary: This book provides an introduction to covering crises, considering practice issues and providing guidance in preparing for and responding to calamities. It offers a concise overview for journalism academics and practitioners of covering disasters – not a "how to" handbook but a "how to prepare" reference to be used before a crisis occurs. This essential resource is among the first to focus specifically and comprehensively on journalistic coverage of disasters. It demonstrates the application of scholarship and theory to professional practice, and includes a crash book template with logistical and information-collection requirements. As a text for advanced reporting, broadcast journalism, and journalism ethics, or a reference for professionals, Reporting Disaster on Deadline provides key information for keeping on deadline in responding to crises.

Disaster and Emergency Management Methods Book by Jason D. Rivera

Disaster and Emergency Management Methods Book
  • Author : Jason D. Rivera
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-07-27
  • Category: Education
  • Pages : 408
  • ISBN Code: 1000411168

Summary: Find the answers to disaster and emergency management research questions with Disaster and Emergency Management Methods. Written to engage students and to provide a flexible foundation for instructors and practitioners, this interdisciplinary textbook provides a holistic understanding of disaster and emergency management research methods used in the field. The disaster and emergency management contexts have a host of challenges that affect the research process that subsequently shape methodological approaches, data quality, analysis and inferences. In this book, readers are presented with the considerations that must be made before engaging in the research process, in addition to a variety of qualitative and quantitative methodological approaches that are currently being used in the discipline. Current, relevant, and fascinating real-world applications provide a window into how each approach is being applied in the field. Disaster and Emergency Management Methods serves as an effective way to empower readers to approach their own study of disaster and emergency management research methods with confidence.

Disasters and Economic Recovery Book by Davia C. Downey

Disasters and Economic Recovery Book
  • Author : Davia C. Downey
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2021-07-06
  • Category: Architecture
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN Code: 1000399443

Summary: Disasters and Economic Recovery provides perspectives on the economic issues that emerge before, during, and after natural disasters in an international context, by assessing the economic development patterns that emerge before and after disaster. This book will provide a historical overview of emergency management policy and previous responses to disasters in each country, as well as the policy learning that occurred in each case leading up to the disasters under analysis. The book highlights four cases: New Orleans; Christchurch, New Zealand; the Japan earthquake and tsunami; and Hurricane Sandy in the Northeastern United States. The book places important focus on the specific collaborative developments unique to the rebuilding of each place’s economy post-disaster. Using time-series data, the book shows the emergence of new industries and job hiring patterns in the immediate aftermath, as well as provides a picture of the economic performance of each country in the years following each event. Looking at the economic development policies pre- and post-disaster, readers will glean important lessons on how to build resilient economies within the disaster framework, highlighting the differences in approaches to rebuilding local economies in places with varying levels of governmental capacity post-disaster to inform policymakers, scholars, and the disaster relief community as they plan their response to future disasters.

Environmental Ethics and Film Book by Pat Brereton

Environmental Ethics and Film Book
  • Author : Pat Brereton
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-09-16
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 246
  • ISBN Code: 1317752686

Summary: Environmental ethics presents and defends a systematic and comprehensive account of the moral relation between human beings and their natural environment and assumes that human behaviour toward the natural world can and is governed by moral norms. In contemporary society, film has provided a powerful instrument for the moulding of such ethical attitudes. Through a close examination of the medium, Environmental Ethics and Film explores how historical ethical values can be re-imagined and re-constituted for more contemporary audiences. Building on an extensive back-catalogue of eco-film analysis, the author focuses on a diverse selection of contemporary films which target audiences’ ethical sensibilities in very different ways. Each chapter focuses on at least three close readings of films and documentaries, examining a wide range of environmental issues as they are illustrated across contemporary Hollywood films. This book is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of environmental communication, film studies, media and cultural studies, environmental philosophy and ethics.

Practising Social Work Ethics Around the World Book by Sarah Banks,Kirsten Nøhr

Practising Social Work Ethics Around the World Book
  • Author : Sarah Banks,Kirsten Nøhr
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2013-03-01
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 296
  • ISBN Code: 113666128X

Summary: Ethics is an increasingly important theme in social work practice. Worldwide, social workers experience common ethical challenges (how to be fair, whether to break a rule, how to act in politically tense situations) in very different contexts – from disaster relief in China to child protection work in Palestine. This book takes as its starting point real life cases featuring ethical problems in the areas of: negotiating roles and boundaries, respecting rights, being fair, challenging and developing organisations and working with policy and politics. Each case opens with a brief introduction, is followed by two commentaries and ends with questions for reflection. The commentaries, written by authors from different countries, refer to relevant theories, concepts, practical matters, alternative courses of action and their implications. Features within the book include: An introductory chapter covering issues of global ethics Cases and commentaries drawn from across the world – from Peru to Finland Cases based on real life situations and chapter introductions from leading authorities in social work and ethical theory Questions and practical exercises to aid teaching and professional development This book is a unique and accessible resource for stimulating ethical reflection, expanding ethical horizons and developing ethical and intercultural sensitivity. It is designed for use by undergraduate and postgraduate students and professionals in the fields of social work, social education/pedagogy, social care work, international social work, community development, community organisation, youth work and related fields.

Cultural Competency for Emergency and Crisis Management Book by Claire Connolly Knox,Brittany "Brie" Haupt

Cultural Competency for Emergency and Crisis Management Book
  • Author : Claire Connolly Knox,Brittany "Brie" Haupt
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-04-15
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN Code: 1000038971

Summary: Disasters are complex and dynamic events that test emergency and crisis professionals and leaders – even the most ethical ones. Within all phases of emergency management, disasters highlight social vulnerabilities that require culturally competent practices. The lack of culturally respectable responses to diverse populations underscores the critical need for cultural competency education and training in higher education and practice. Using a case study approach that is both adaptable and practical, this textbook is an accessible and essential guide on what makes teaching effective in emergency and crisis management. Key Features An in-depth understanding of cultural competence makes it well suited for teaching effectively in emergency preparedness Expert guidance from leading authorities ensures a fresh perspective in various aspects of emergency and crisis management National and international emergency and crisis management case studies containing ground rules, a scenario, roles/actors, guiding questions, facilitator questions, and resources Pedagogy and andragogy theories that drive design and implementation Pre- and post-tests for each case study allow faculty and trainers to empirically measure the participants’ learning outcomes Short case study structure can be easily implemented in a course as a group discussion, group assignment, or individual assignment With unparalleled resources to reach every participant and facilitator, Cultural Competency for Emergency and Crisis Management offers educators a roadmap for successfully engaging participants in various aspects of cultural competency knowledge, skills, and abilities.

Humanitarian Ethics Book by Hugo Slim

Humanitarian Ethics Book
  • Author : Hugo Slim
  • Publisher : Oxford University Press
  • Release Date : 2015-01-09
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 224
  • ISBN Code: 0190613327

Summary: Humanitarians are required to be impartial, independent, professionally competent and focused only on preventing and alleviating human suffering. It can be hard living up to these principles when others do not share them, while persuading political and military authorities and non-state actors to let an agency assist on the ground requires savvy ethical skills. Getting first to a conflict or natural catastrophe is only the beginning, as aid workers are usually and immediately presented with practical and moral questions about what to do next. For example, when does working closely with a warring party or an immoral regime move from practical cooperation to complicity in human rights violations? Should one operate in camps for displaced people and refugees if they are effectively places of internment? Do humanitarian agencies inadvertently encourage ethnic cleansing by always being ready to 'mop-up' the consequences of scorched earth warfare? This book has been written to help humanitarians assess and respond to these and other ethical dilemmas.

Information Security and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book by Nemati, Hamid

Information Security and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book
  • Author : Nemati, Hamid
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2007-09-30
  • Category: Education
  • Pages : 4478
  • ISBN Code: 1599049384

Summary: Presents theories and models associated with information privacy and safeguard practices to help anchor and guide the development of technologies, standards, and best practices. Provides recent, comprehensive coverage of all issues related to information security and ethics, as well as the opportunities, future challenges, and emerging trends related to this subject.

Ethics for Disaster Book by Naomi Zack

Ethics for Disaster Book
  • Author : Naomi Zack
  • Publisher : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers
  • Release Date : 2009-06-16
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 164
  • ISBN Code: 0742564967

Summary: Ethics for Disaster addresses the moral aspects of hurricanes, earthquakes, tornadoes, plane crashes, Avian Flu pandemics, and other disasters. Naomi Zack explores how these catastrophes illuminate the existing inequalities in society. By employing the moral systems of utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics to analyze the consequences of recent natural disasters, Zack reveals the special plight of the poor, disabled, and infirm when tragedy strikes. Zack explores the political foundations of social contract theory and dignitarianism and invites readers to rethink the distinction between risk in normal times and risk in disaster. Using both real life and fictional examples, Zack forcefully argues for the preservation of normal moral principles in times of national crisis and emergency, stressing the moral obligation of both individuals and government in preparing for and responding to disaster..

Emergency and Disaster Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book by Management Association, Information Resources

Emergency and Disaster Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book
  • Author : Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2018-07-06
  • Category: Technology & Engineering
  • Pages : 1723
  • ISBN Code: 152256196X

Summary: In a world of earthquakes, tsunamis, and terrorist attacks, emergency response plans are crucial to solving problems, overcoming challenges, and restoring and improving communities that have been affected by these catastrophic events. Although the necessity for quick and efficient aid is understood, researchers and professionals continue to strive for the best practices and methodologies to properly handle such significant events. Emergency and Disaster Management: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is an innovative reference source for the latest research on the theoretical and practical components of initiating crisis management and emergency response. Highlighting a range of topics such as preparedness and assessment, aid and relief, and the integration of smart technologies, this multi-volume book is designed for emergency professionals, policy makers, practitioners, academicians, and researchers interested in all aspects of disaster, crisis, and emergency studies.

Disaster Public Health and Older People Book by Emily Ying Yang Chan

Disaster Public Health and Older People Book
  • Author : Emily Ying Yang Chan
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2019-09-06
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 234
  • ISBN Code: 1351127608

Summary: Disaster Public Health and Older People introduces professionals, students and fieldworkers to the science and art of promoting health and well-being among older people in the context of humanitarian emergencies, with a particular focus on low- and middle-income country settings. Older people face specific vulnerabilities in physical, mental and social well-being during disasters. They are likely to experience socio-economic marginalisation, isolation, inaccessible information and a lack of relevant post-emergency support services. Meanwhile, although older people can also significantly contribute to disaster preparedness, response and recovery, their capacities are often under-utilised. Drawing on a range of global case studies, this book provides readers with a theoretical underpinning, while suggesting actions at the individual, community and national levels to reduce the health risks to older people posed by the increasing frequency and intensity of disaster, in particular those resulting from natural hazards. Topics covered range from the health impact of disasters on older people and response to their post-disaster health needs, to disaster preparedness, disease prevention, healthy ageing, global policy developments and the contributions of older people in disaster contexts. This book draws on lessons learnt from previous disasters and targets students and professionals working in disaster medicine, disaster public health, humanitarian studies, gerontology and geriatrics.

Fundamental Concepts and Skills for the Patient Care Technician - E-Book Book by Kimberly Townsend

Fundamental Concepts and Skills for the Patient Care Technician - E-Book Book
  • Author : Kimberly Townsend
  • Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
  • Release Date : 2017-01-19
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 1088
  • ISBN Code: 0323445772

Summary: Learn to master the wide range of information and skills needed by today’s health care workers with Fundamental Concepts and Skills for Patient Care Technicians. While its comprehensive coverage of patient care is appropriate for all types of health care workers, this all-new text is specifically designed to prepare students and professionals for the topics they will face on the Patient Care Technician or the Nursing Assistant certification exams. Coverage includes working within the healthcare team, ethics, laws, communication, understanding patients, culture, patient rights, body structure and function, and growth and development. Procedure units cover safety, infection control, moving and transfers, vital signs, patient assessment, care, comfort, hygiene, and grooming, nutrition and fluids, elimination and respiration skills, and care of the surgical patient. Plus, advanced skills for Patient Care Technicians such as specimen collection, phlebotomy procedures and ECG procedures are also included. Over 75 step-by-step procedures cover the information found on the Nursing Assistant and Patient Care Technician certification exams. Illness and Injury Prevention boxes highlight important safety issues. Delegation and Documentation boxes emphasize what information is needed from the nurse before the procedure and what information should be reported and recorded after the procedure. Chapter review questions test understanding of chapter content. Case scenarios feature realistic clinical situations with questions to help you apply chapter content to actual practice. Chapter learning objectives and key terms emphasize important chapter information. Chapter summaries provide key points to remember.

Disaster Theory Book by David Etkin

Disaster Theory Book
  • Author : David Etkin
  • Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
  • Release Date : 2014-12-26
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 386
  • ISBN Code: 0128003553

Summary: Disaster Theory: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Concepts and Causes offers the theoretical background needed to understand what disasters are and why they occur. Drawing on related disciplines, including sociology, risk theory, and seminal research on disasters and emergency management, Disaster Theory clearly lays out the conceptual framework of the emerging field of disaster studies. Tailored to the needs of advanced undergraduates and graduate students, this unique text also provides an ideal capstone for students who have already been introduced to the fundamentals of emergency management. Disaster Theory emphasizes the application of critical thinking in understanding disasters and their causes by synthesizing a wide range of information on theory and practice, including input from leading scholars in the field. Offers the first cohesive depiction of disaster theory Incorporates material from leading thinkers in the field, as well as student exercises and critical thinking questions, making this a rich resource for advanced courses Written from an international perspective and includes case studies of disasters and hazards from around the world for comparing the leading models of emergency response Challenges the reader to think critically about important questions in disaster management from various points of view

Vulnerability and Human Rights Book by Bryan S. Turner

Vulnerability and Human Rights Book
  • Author : Bryan S. Turner
  • Publisher : Penn State Press
  • Release Date : 2006-08-10
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 160
  • ISBN Code: 0271030445

Summary: The mass violence of the twentieth century’s two world wars—followed more recently by decentralized and privatized warfare, manifested in terrorism, ethnic cleansing, and other localized forms of killing—has led to a heightened awareness of human beings’ vulnerability and the precarious nature of the institutions they create to protect themselves from violence and exploitation. This vulnerability, something humans share amid the diversity of cultural beliefs and values that mark their differences, provides solid ground on which to construct a framework of human rights. Bryan Turner undertakes this task here, developing a sociology of rights from a sociology of the human body. His blending of empirical research with normative analysis constitutes an important step forward for the discipline of sociology. Like anthropology, sociology has traditionally eschewed the study of justice as beyond the limits of a discipline that pays homage to cultural relativism and the “value neutrality” of positivistic science. Turner’s expanded approach accordingly involves a truly interdisciplinary dialogue with the literature of economics, law, medicine, philosophy, political science, and religion.

Utilitarianism Book by John Stuart Mill

Utilitarianism Book
  • Author : John Stuart Mill
  • Publisher : BookRix
  • Release Date : 2019-06-27
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 110
  • ISBN Code: 3736808313

Summary: John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher, political economist and civil servant. He was an influential contributor to social theory, political theory and political economy. He has been called "the most influential English-speaking philosopher of the nineteenth century". Mill's conception of liberty justified the freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control. He was a proponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham. Hoping to remedy the problems found in an inductive approach to science, such as confirmation bias, he clearly set forth the premises of falsifiability as the key component in the scientific method. Mill was also a Member of Parliament and an important figure in liberal political philosophy.

Post-Disaster and Post-Conflict Tourism Book by Hugues Seraphin,Maximiliano Korstanje,Vanessa G.B. Gowreesunkar

Post-Disaster and Post-Conflict Tourism Book
  • Author : Hugues Seraphin,Maximiliano Korstanje,Vanessa G.B. Gowreesunkar
  • Publisher : CRC Press
  • Release Date : 2020-01-13
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 264
  • ISBN Code: 100000726X

Summary: Post-disaster and post-conflict tourism has recently emerged as a prominent topic of research and considers new risks that jeopardize tourism travel to destinations that have recently experienced climate-related disasters, civil conflicts, and other challenges. This volume presents a host of innovative strategies that could be adopted by post-colonial, post-conflict, and post-disaster destinations to encourage travel and tourism in these areas. Policymakers are focusing their efforts on identifying and eradicating external and/or internal risks in order to protect the tourism industry in their regions, in line with a new spirit that is clearly orientated toward mitigating risks. This capacity of adaptation suggests two important things that are at the heart of this book. On the one hand, tourism serves as a resilient mechanism that is helping destinations in their recovery strategy. On another hand, this raises ethical issues related to tourism consumption.

Issues in Ethics Research and Application: 2011 Edition Book by

Issues in Ethics Research and Application: 2011 Edition Book
  • Author :
  • Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
  • Release Date : 2012-01-09
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 236
  • ISBN Code: 1464967393

Summary: Issues in Ethics Research and Application / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Ethics Research and Application. The editors have built Issues in Ethics Research and Application: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Ethics Research and Application in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Ethics Research and Application: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at

Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy Book by Daniel Strech,Irene Hirschberg,Georg Marckmann

Ethics in Public Health and Health Policy Book
  • Author : Daniel Strech,Irene Hirschberg,Georg Marckmann
  • Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
  • Release Date : 2013-05-15
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 229
  • ISBN Code: 9400763743

Summary: Ethical issues associated with public health and health policy--related, for example, to pandemic plans and vaccination policies (c.f. SARS or pandemic influenza), preventive measures like screening (e.g. for breast cancer or dementia) or health information campaigns, social inequalities or health care rationing--are increasing in worldwide importance. Evidence-based information for valid benefit-harm assessment is often rare and hard to get for participants in public health interventions. Program implementation often disregards requirements of fair decision-making processes (like public participation, transparency, etc.). Originating from an international conference (based on a call for abstracts and external review), this volume contains contributions from a group of experts from multiple disciplines and countries. It covers (i) conceptual foundations of public health ethics, (ii) methodological approaches and (iii) normative analyses of specific issues and cases. Bridging theoretical foundations with practical applications, this volume provides a valuable resource for researchers, practitioners and students concerned with public health practice and policy.

International Business Ethics and Growth Opportunities Book by Wolf, Ruth

International Business Ethics and Growth Opportunities Book
  • Author : Wolf, Ruth
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2014-12-31
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 305
  • ISBN Code: 1466674202

Summary: In the modern business environment, companies strive to create a sense of moral obligation within their employees in an effort to foster a concern for social welfare and justice among global organizations. Despite the efforts of managers and directors, many companies continue to find it difficult to overcome the moral dilemmas of the corporate sector. International Business Ethics and Growth Opportunities presents the necessary methods and resources for managers and directors to be successful in leading their corporations in a responsible and morally conscious manner. Examining the dangers of unethical behavior, this book provides the strategies and tools for proper management to encourage company strength and success. This publication is an essential resource for academicians, researchers, officials, post-graduate students, and professionals in the fields of business and business education interested in ethical decision making on the individual and company level.

Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book by Management Association, Information Resources

Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications Book
  • Author : Management Association, Information Resources
  • Publisher : IGI Global
  • Release Date : 2014-09-30
  • Category: Political Science
  • Pages : 2121
  • ISBN Code: 1466664347

Summary: In today’s increasingly interconnected and global society, the protection of basic liberties is an important consideration in public policy and international relations. Profitable social interactions can begin only when a foundation of trust has been laid between two parties. Human Rights and Ethics: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications considers some of the most important issues in the ethics of human interaction, whether in business, politics, or science and technology. Covering issues such as cybercrime, bioethics, medical care, and corporate leadership, this four-volume reference work will serve as a crucial resource for leaders, innovators, educators, and other personnel living and working in the modern world.

Ethics for Contemporary Bureaucrats Book by Nicole M. Elias,Amanda M. Olejarski

Ethics for Contemporary Bureaucrats Book
  • Author : Nicole M. Elias,Amanda M. Olejarski
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2020-06-02
  • Category: Political Science
  • Pages : 208
  • ISBN Code: 1000041158

Summary: In the current United States (U.S.) context, we are facing a constitutional crisis with frequent government shutdowns and new debates surrounding immigration, climate change, budgeting practices, and the balance of power. With competing interests, unclear policy, and inconsistent leadership directives, the question becomes: How do contemporary bureaucrats make sense of this ethically turbulent environment? This collection provides a lens for viewing administrative decision-making and behavior from a constitutional basis, as contemporary bureaucrats navigate uncharted territory. Ethics for Contemporary Bureaucrats is organized around three constitutional values: freedom, property, and social equity. These themes are based on emerging trends in public administration and balanced with traditional ethical models. Each chapter provides an overview of a contemporary ethical issue, identifies key actors, institutions, legal and legislative policy, and offers normative and practical recommendations to address the challenges the issue poses. Rooted in a respected and time-tested intellectual history, this volume speaks to bureaucrats in a modern era of governance. It is ideally suited to educate students, scholars, and public servants on constitutional values and legal precedent as a basis for ethics in the public sector.

Public Health Law and Ethics Book by Lawrence O. Gostin

Public Health Law and Ethics Book
  • Author : Lawrence O. Gostin
  • Publisher : Univ of California Press
  • Release Date : 2010-06-02
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 600
  • ISBN Code: 0520946057

Summary: Now revised and expanded to cover today’s most pressing health threats, Public Health Law and Ethics probes the legal and ethical issues at the heart of public health through an incisive selection of government reports, scholarly articles, and relevant court cases. Companion to the internationally acclaimed text Public Health Law: Power, Duty, Restraint, this reader can also be used as a stand-alone resource for students, practitioners, scholars,and teachers. It encompasses global issues that have changed the shape of public health in recent years including anthrax, SARS, pandemic flu, biosecurity, emergency preparedness, and the transition from infectious to chronic diseases caused by lifestyle changes in eating and physical activity. In addition to covering these new arenas, it includes discussion of classic legal and ethical tensions inherent to public health practice, such as how best to balance the police power of the state with individual autonomy.

Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters Book by Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Post-Disaster Recovery of a Community's Public Health, Medical, and Social Services

Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters Book
  • Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Committee on Post-Disaster Recovery of a Community's Public Health, Medical, and Social Services
  • Publisher : National Academies Press
  • Release Date : 2015-09-10
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 504
  • ISBN Code: 0309316227

Summary: In the devastation that follows a major disaster, there is a need for multiple sectors to unite and devote new resources to support the rebuilding of infrastructure, the provision of health and social services, the restoration of care delivery systems, and other critical recovery needs. In some cases, billions of dollars from public, private and charitable sources are invested to help communities recover. National rhetoric often characterizes these efforts as a "return to normal." But for many American communities, pre-disaster conditions are far from optimal. Large segments of the U.S. population suffer from preventable health problems, experience inequitable access to services, and rely on overburdened health systems. A return to pre-event conditions in such cases may be short-sighted given the high costs - both economic and social - of poor health. Instead, it is important to understand that the disaster recovery process offers a series of unique and valuable opportunities to improve on the status quo. Capitalizing on these opportunities can advance the long-term health, resilience, and sustainability of communities - thereby better preparing them for future challenges. Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters identifies and recommends recovery practices and novel programs most likely to impact overall community public health and contribute to resiliency for future incidents. This book makes the case that disaster recovery should be guided by a healthy community vision, where health considerations are integrated into all aspects of recovery planning before and after a disaster, and funding streams are leveraged in a coordinated manner and applied to health improvement priorities in order to meet human recovery needs and create healthy built and natural environments. The conceptual framework presented in Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters lays the groundwork to achieve this goal and provides operational guidance for multiple sectors involved in community planning and disaster recovery. Healthy, Resilient, and Sustainable Communities After Disasters calls for actions at multiple levels to facilitate recovery strategies that optimize community health. With a shared healthy community vision, strategic planning that prioritizes health, and coordinated implementation, disaster recovery can result in a communities that are healthier, more livable places for current and future generations to grow and thrive - communities that are better prepared for future adversities.

Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration: Concepts and Cases Book by Raymond W Cox

Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration: Concepts and Cases Book
  • Author : Raymond W Cox
  • Publisher : Routledge
  • Release Date : 2015-03-26
  • Category: Business & Economics
  • Pages : 280
  • ISBN Code: 1317471148

Summary: "Ethics and Integrity in Public Administration" presents cutting-edge perspectives on the role of ethics in public sector management - what it is and where it is going. The contributors include a cross-section of authoritative authors from around the globe, and from both the academy and government. They cover a wide range of topics, diverse theoretical and conceptual paradigms, and global examples, and provide a broader view than what is typically offered in other books. The book includes both theoretical insights and commentaries grounded in practice. Chapters are divided into three parts: Ethical Foundations and Perspectives, Ethical Management and Ethical Leadership, and International and Comparative Perspectives.

Gender, Development and Disasters Book by Sarah Bradshaw

Gender, Development and Disasters Book
  • Author : Sarah Bradshaw
  • Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
  • Release Date : 2013-04-01
  • Category: Social Science
  • Pages : 256
  • ISBN Code: 1782548238

Summary: ÔDisaster research owes a lot to development studies and yet the debt is often not acknowledged. In this scholarly but accessible book by Sarah Bradshaw, we see a very effective linking of gender, disaster and development that will be of value to academics and practitioners working in and across all these domains.Õ Ð Maureen Fordham, University of Northumbria, UK ÔBringing gender into the foreground in both development and disaster discourse, the author challenges received wisdom and offers cautionary notes about reinforcing inequalities through feminized disaster interventions. The book is an outstanding platform for fundamental change in how we think about and act toward gender in disaster contexts, leaving readers cautiously optimistic. This is one for the top shelf Ð a book we have been waiting for and must put to use.Õ Ð Elaine Enarson, founder, Gender and Disaster Resilience Alliance ÔOnce in a while a book is published which offers an empirically and theoretically informed analysis of an under-studied topic which helps to carve out a new field of enquiry. Such is the case with Dr Sarah BradshawÕs breathtakingly detailed, richly first-hand informed, and incisive, account of the frequently paradoxical co-option of women into the analysis and practice of ÒdisasterÓ in developing economies. BradshawÕs eminently comprehensive, well-substantiated, perceptive and sensitive treatment of the ÒA to ZÓ of gender and ÒdisasterÓ in developing country contexts constitutes a 21st century volume which will be a definitive benchmark for scholars, policymakers, practitioners, and feminist activists at a world scale.Õ Ð Sylvia Chant, London School of Economics, UK The need to Ôdisaster proofÕ development is increasingly recognised by development agencies, as is the need to engender both development and disaster response. This unique book explores what these processes mean for development and disasters in practice. Sarah Bradshaw critically examines key notions, such as gender, vulnerability, risk, and humanitarianism, underpinning development and disaster discourse. Case studies are used to demonstrate how disasters are experienced individually and collectively as gendered events. Through consideration of processes to engender development, it problematizes womenÕs inclusion in disaster response and reconstruction. The study highlights that while women are now central to both disaster response and development, tackling gender inequality is not. By critically reflecting on gendered disaster response and the gendered impact of disasters on processes of development, it exposes some important lessons for future policy. This timely book examines international development and disaster policy which will prove invaluable to gender and disaster academics, students and practitioners.

The New Public Health Book by Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova

The New Public Health Book
  • Author : Theodore H. Tulchinsky,Elena A. Varavikova
  • Publisher : Academic Press
  • Release Date : 2014-03-26
  • Category: Medical
  • Pages : 912
  • ISBN Code: 012415767X

Summary: The New Public Health has established itself as a solid textbook throughout the world. Translated into 7 languages, this work distinguishes itself from other public health textbooks, which are either highly locally oriented or, if international, lack the specificity of local issues relevant to students' understanding of applied public health in their own setting. This 3e provides a unified approach to public health appropriate for all masters' level students and practitioners—specifically for courses in MPH programs, community health and preventive medicine programs, community health education programs, and community health nursing programs, as well as programs for other medical professionals such as pharmacy, physiotherapy, and other public health courses. Changes in infectious and chronic disease epidemiology including vaccines, health promotion, human resources for health and health technology Lessons from H1N1, pandemic threats, disease eradication, nutritional health Trends of health systems and reforms and consequences of current economic crisis for health Public health law, ethics, scientific d health technology advances and assessment Global Health environment, Millennium Development Goals and international NGOs

Narrative and Technology Ethics Book by Wessel Reijers,Mark Coeckelbergh

Narrative and Technology Ethics Book
  • Author : Wessel Reijers,Mark Coeckelbergh
  • Publisher : Springer Nature
  • Release Date : 2021-01-31
  • Category: Philosophy
  • Pages : 214
  • ISBN Code: 3030602729

Summary: This book proposes that technologies, similar to texts, novels and movies, ‘tell stories’ and thereby configure our lifeworld in the Digital Age. The impact of technologies on our lived experience is ever increasing: innovations in robotics challenge the nature of work, emerging biotechnologies impact our sense of self, and blockchain-based smart contracts profoundly transform interpersonal relations. In their exploration of the significance of these technologies, Reijers and Coeckelbergh build on the philosophical hermeneutics of Paul Ricouer to construct a new, narrative approach to the philosophy and ethics of technology. The authors take the reader on a journey: from a discussion of the philosophy of praxis, via a hermeneutic notion of technical practice that draws on MacIntyre, Heidegger and Ricoeur, through the virtue ethics of Vallor, and Ricoeur’s ethical aim, to the eventual construction of a practice method which can guide ethics in research and innovation. In its creation of a compelling hermeneutic ethics of technology, the book offers a concrete framework for practitioners to incorporate ethics in everyday technical practice.

Richard Ned Lebow: Essential Texts on Classics, History, Ethics, and International Relations Book by Richard Ned Lebow

Richard Ned Lebow: Essential Texts on Classics, History, Ethics, and International Relations Book
  • Author : Richard Ned Lebow
  • Publisher : Springer
  • Release Date : 2016-09-19
  • Category: Science
  • Pages : 145
  • ISBN Code: 331940024X

Summary: This last one out of four volumes by Richard Ned Lebow in this book series focuses on various fields of social sciences and their connection to international politics. The author writes about topics in psychology, tragedy, and ethics. All of these fields are being put into relation with political aspects, especially international relations.